Principles of Coordination; First. Some Discuss Coordination The effectiveness of a system relates to its ability to fulfill its functional requirements. When a system consists of a set of collaborating agents, the overall performance may depend more on their ability to work together than on optimizing individual behavior. The goal of an agent is often at odds with the interest of the collective. The limitations of centralized control for complex systems suggest the need for decentralized coordination. This can achieve by having each agent take explicit account of the cost of engaging in an activity as well as a measure of reward for competent behavior.

Here are Explains, What are the Principles of Coordination? 10 types of Principles.

The consideration of payoffs and penalties leads to an economic perspective of multi-agent systems. In consequence, it is possible to draw on previous work in diverse fields, ranging from game theory to welfare economics and social policy. The promise and limitations of the explicit valuation approach examine. To illustrate, the behavior of collaborative systems can interpret in terms of games of strategy; this approach permits a better understanding of the conditions for globally optimal behavior, as well as strategies for their attainment. The notions of agents and the explicit valuation of action are versatile concepts. One indication of the versatility lies in the fact that these concepts cover as a special case the idea of genetic algorithms as a mechanism for learning systems.

Now, Here are Principles of Coordination;

Simplified organization:

Authority, responsibility, duty, and other job descriptions should clearly describe by the organization. Also, Coordination may be simple and easy when all duties and power simplify.

Harmonized programs and policies:

An organization must set the programs and policies. These programs and policies must harmonize. Harmonized policies help to make coordination effective.

Well, the designed system of communication:

Without effective communication coordination and harmonizing activities is not possible. Therefore, the communication system must well design.

Voluntary cooperation:

Are voluntarily cooperated when all behave voluntarily cooperated, then only coordination can be successful.

Coordination through supervision:

Supervisors are the most important actor to coordinate the workers and their work. Mainly in all organization supervisors coordinate the resources and activities.


It is a never-ending process. When it is done continuously, the resources are not used effectively and they cannot contribute.

Direct contact:

Direct contact is necessary for effective coordination. Face to face contact may provide more effectiveness. Direct personal contact removes misunderstanding and conflict between departments or between personnel. It involves direct face to face communication, personal discussion, settlement of differences, exchanges of ideas between the personnel.

Clearly defined goals:

Organizational goals and other departmental goals must clearly define otherwise it isn’t easy to coordinate the resources and activities.

Effective leadership:

Leadership must be effective. As well as, It helps o increase the confidence of employees and it develops the morale of workers. Also, Effective leadership helps ineffective coordination.

Continuous Process:

Coordination is a continuous process and must go on all the time. In contrast to the principle of continuity, the difference of opinions and information gap may appear and misunderstanding in interdepartmental operations may crop up in the absence of coordination. By keeping the process of coordination as a continuous flow of information, sound coordination can be ensured in an enterprise.

Notes: Here are you have read it Principles of Coordination. And, Maybe You will read it; The definitions of all the Seven Processes of Scientific Management; Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating, Motivating, Controlling. You will be reading this post about; What are theFunctions of the Organization. Do you read it What is a Management andOrganization?, Next Notes of Article Importance with Techniques of Coordination.


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