Principles of Coordination
First. Some Discuss about Coordination; The effectiveness of a system relates to its ability to fulfill its functional requirements. When a system consists of a set of collaborating agents, the overall performance may depend more on their ability to work together than on optimizing individual behavior. In fact, the goal of an agent is often at odds with the interest of the collective. The limitations of centralized control for complex systems suggest the need for decentralized coordination. This can be achieved by having each agent take explicit account of the cost of engaging in an activity as well as a measure of reward for competent behavior.
The consideration of payoffs and penalties leads to an economic perspective of multiagent systems. In consequence, it is possible to draw on previous work in diverse fields, ranging from game theory to welfare economics and social policy. The promise and limitations of the explicit valuation approach are examined. To illustrate, the behavior of collaborative systems can be interpreted in terms of games of strategy; this approach permits a better understanding of the conditions for globally optimal behavior, as well as strategies for their attainment. The notions of agents and explicit valuation of action are versatile concepts. One indication of the versatility lies in the fact that these concepts cover as a special case the idea of genetic algorithms as a mechanism for learning systems.
Now, Here are Principles of Coordination
I. Simplified organization: Authority, responsibility, duty and other job description should clearly be described by the organization. Coordination may be simple and easy when all duties and power are clearly simplified,
II. Harmonized programs and policies: An organization must set the programs and policies. These programs and policies must be harmonized. Harmonized policies helps to make coordination effective
III. Well, the designed system of communication: Without effective communication coordination and harmonizing activities is not possible. Therefore, the communication system must be well designed.
IV. Voluntary cooperation: Are voluntarily cooperated when all behave voluntarily cooperated, then only coordination can be successful.
V. Coordination through supervision: Supervisors are a most important actor to coordinate the workers and their work. Mainly in all organization supervisors coordinate the resources and activities.
VI. Continuity: It is never ending process. When it is done continuously, the resources are not used effectively and they cannot provide the contribution.
VII. Direct contact: Direct contact is necessary for effective coordination. Face to face contact may provide more effectiveness.
VIII. Clearly defined goals: Organizational goals and other departmental goals must be clearly defined otherwise it isn’t easy to coordinate the resources and activities.
IX. Effective leadership: Leadership must be effective. It helps o increase the confidence of employees and it develops the morale of workers. In fact, effective leadership helps in effective coordination.
Notes: Here are you have read it Principles of Coordination. And, Maybe You will read it; The deﬁnitions of all the Seven Processes of Scientiﬁc Management; Planning, Organizing, Stafﬁng, Directing, Coordinating, Motivating, Controlling. You will be reading this post about; What are Functions of Organization. Do you read it What is a Management and Organization?, Next Notes of Article Importance with Techniques of Coordination.