Learn, Discuss the Compare of Coordination and Cooperation!

Before Discuss the Compare of Co-Ordination and Co-Operation, first looking at their definition of Coordination and Cooperation. Coordination refers to the organization of all the activities in an orderly manner, to achieve unanimity of individual efforts in the pursuit of group goals. On the flip side, cooperation is a discretionary action of individuals to work together or help one another, for a mutual benefit. It is a joint effort of the members working in the organization for accomplishing a defined target. Also Learned, Essay on the Co-ordination of an Organization, Discuss the Compare of Coordination and Cooperation!

#Definition of Coordination:

By coordination, we mean a process, used by the management to synchronize various activities in the organization. It is the force that links all the other functions performed by the management, i.e. planning, directing, organizing, controlling, staffing, leading, etc. organization, so as to make best possible use of organization’s resources.

Coordination plays a pivotal role in maintaining regularity in operations such as purchase, production, sales, human resource, marketing, finance, and so forth, as it is the common thread that connects all the activities. It is something, which is innate in all managerial functions. The process aims at systematic management of individual or group efforts so as to ensure unanimity in action, in the accomplishment of common objectives.

#Definition of Cooperation:

We define cooperation as a discretionary activity in which two or more persons join and work together in the pursuit of common goals. In this process, the members of the organization make combined efforts, for deriving mutual benefits. So, every participant is expected to actively participate in the group activity, only then they can be better off.


Cooperation is present in all the levels of the organization and takes place between the members of the organization. Apart from business, cooperation also occurs at the national and international level, i.e. between different states and countries of the world.

Through cooperation, the information can be shared among participants easily, which increases the knowledge base, work performed and resources, in an adept way.

#Differences between Coordination and Cooperation:

Basis Coordination Cooperation
Meaning It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals. It means mutual help willingly.
Scope It is broader than co-operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts. It is termed as a part of coordination.
Process The function of coordination is performed by top management. The functions of co-operation are prepared by persons at any level.
Requirements Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work. Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together.
Relationship It establishes formal and informal relationships. It establishes an informal relationship.
Freedom It is planned and entrusted by the central authority & it is essential. It depends upon the sweet will of the individuals and therefore it is not necessary.
Support It seeks wholehearted support from various people working at various levels. Co-operation without co-ordination is fruitless & therefore it may lead to unbalanced developments.

Therefore, the existence of co-operation may prove to be an effective condition or requisite for co-ordination. But it does not mean that co-ordination originates automatically from the voluntary efforts of the group of members. It has to be achieved through conscious & deliberate efforts of managers, therefore to conclude we can say that co-operation without co-ordination has no fruit and co-ordination without co-operation has no root.

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#The Main Key Differences Between Coordination and Cooperation:

The following points are noteworthy so far as the difference between coordination and cooperation is concerned:

  • The systematic arrangement and synchronization of different elements of management so as to ensure, smooth functioning, is known as coordination. The act of working jointly or complying with standards, for the realization of common goals, is called cooperation.
  • Coordination is a fundamental activity of management; that helps in attaining harmony in action among various interdependent activities and departments of the organization. On the contrary, cooperation depends on the will of any person, i.e. to work with or help someone voluntarily, for accomplishing common objectives.
  • Coordination is a contrived process, performed to integrate different activities of the organization. Conversely, cooperation is a natural process, which is not planned in advance but occurs spontaneously, out of mutual respect.
  • Coordination is a continuous function of management. Hence, it is for the long term. As against this, the cooperation of persons is required for accomplishing a task or activity, thus, it is for short-term only.
  • Coordination may result in the establishment of the formal and informal relationship. Unlike, cooperation give rise to the informal relationship between individuals.
  • In coordination, there is open communication between all the members of the organization. As opposed, tacit communication takes place between individuals in cooperation.
  • Coordination of activities is performed at top level management, whereas cooperation is performed at each level.

#Relationship Between Coordination and Cooperation:

Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common objectives. It means bringing together the efforts of different components of the organization in order to give them a unity of purpose. While cooperation denotes the collective efforts of the people working in the organization voluntarily to accomplish a particular purpose.

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The existence of co-operation among the members of a group facilitates co-ordina­tion. But co-ordination does not originate from the voluntary efforts of the group members. It has to be achieved by the conscious efforts of the management.

For instance, five persons engaged in pushing a taxi out of mud have a strong attitude of co-operation. But they may not be successful unless one of them provides leader­ship and coordinates the activities of all. In the same manner, the orchestra conductor coordinates the efforts of the members of his group to produce fine music.

In short, co-operation without co-ordination has no fruit and coordination without co-operation has no root. Co-operation and co-ordination go hand in hand and one is the stepping stone of the other. A good manager tries to achieve both because only through cooperation and coordination he can get things done through others.