Learn, Explain What is an Insurance? Meaning and Definition!

Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss. It is a form of risk management, primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent or uncertain loss. Study of Insurance, Explain, Meaning of Insurance, and Definition of Insurance. Insurance helps you protect yourself against risks like a house fire, car accident or burglary. You can also get insurance that pays you money if you get too ill to work or to provide for your family if you die. Also learned, Central Banks, What is an Insurance? Meaning and Definition!

Insurance is a special type of contract between an insurance company and its client in which the insurance company agrees that on the happening of certain events the insurance company will either make payment to its client or meet certain costs.

For example, in a car insurance policy, the insurance company agrees that if the car is damaged, the insurance company will pay the cost of repairing it. Under an income protection policy, the insurance company agrees that if its client is unable to work, the insurance company will pay its client an agreed amount.


Insurance is a contract, represented by a policy, in which an individual or entity receives financial protection or reimbursement against losses from an insurance company. The company pools clients’ risks to make payments more affordable for the insured.

An entity which provides insurance is known as an insurer, insurance company, insurance carrier or underwriter. A person or entity who buys insurance is known as an insured or policyholder. The insurance transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate the insured in the event of a covered loss. The loss may or may not be financial, but it must be reducible to financial terms, and usually involves something in which the insured has an insurable interest established by ownership, possession, or preexisting relationship.

The insured receives a contract, called the insurance policy, which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insurer will compensate the insured. The amount of money charged by the insurer to the insured for the coverage set forth in the insurance policy is called the premium. If the insured experiences a loss which is potentially covered by the insurance policy, the insured submits a claim to the insurer for processing by a claims adjuster. The insurer may hedge its own risk by taking out reinsurance, whereby another insurance company agrees to carry some of the risks, especially if the risk is too large for the primary insurer to carry.


A promise of compensation for specific potential future losses in exchange for a periodic payment. Insurance is designed to protect the financial well-being of an individual, company or other entity in the case of unexpected loss. Some forms of insurance are required by law, while others are optional. Agreeing to the terms of an insurance policy creates a contract between the insured and the insurer.

In exchange for payments from the insured (called premiums), the insurer agrees to pay the policyholder a sum of money upon the occurrence of a specific event. In most cases, the policyholder pays part of the loss (called the deductible), and the insurer pays the rest. Examples include car insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, life insurance, and business insurance.

The risk-transfer mechanism that ensures full or partial financial compensation for the loss or damage caused by the event(s) beyond the control of the insured party. Under an insurance contract, a party (the insurer) indemnifies the other party (the insured) against a specified amount of loss, occurring from specified eventualities within a specified period, provided a fee called premium is paid. In general insurance, compensation is normally proportionate to the loss incurred, whereas in life insurance usually a fixed sum is paid.

Some types of insurance (such as product liability insurance) are an essential component of risk management and are mandatory in several countries. Insurance, however, provides protection only against tangible losses. It cannot ensure continuity of business, market share, or customer confidence, and cannot provide knowledge, skills, or resources to resume the operations after a disaster.

Why can you need insurance?

Basically, you think these types first protect yourself.

  • Protected your Life.
  • Safety for your family after you.
  • Protecting your losses, etc.

There are lots of different types of insurance: you can cover almost anything, from your wedding to your pets.

Some insurance is compulsory: you can’t drive a car without at least basic car insurance, and you can’t get a mortgage on your house without buildings insurance.

After compulsory insurances, the most important thing is to protect yourself and your family. The types of insurance that you need will depend on what you need to protect.

Ask yourself what’s important to you:

  • If you’re traveling abroad, get travel insurance to help pay your hospital fees and other expenses if you get injured or sick.
  • If you have kids,what would happen to them if you died unexpectedly? Life insurance would help make sure they’re looked after financially.
  • If you have a big mortgage, what would happen if you became too ill to work? Income protection insurance could help cover your payments.

Think it over and look at prices, then you can start to decide what you want and what you can afford.

What is an Insurance Meaning and Definition - ilearnlot

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