Functions of Organization
First, you will understand What are Functions of Organizational; In order to produce and sell their product or service, most organizations will need to undertake six key functions.[perfectpullquote align=”right” cite=”” link=”” color=”” class=”” size=””]Design and Production,
Sales and Marketing,
Research and Development.[/perfectpullquote]
Each of the functions will need to work together so that the whole of the organization has the same aims and objectives. To achieve this communication across the various functions is the key activity. A starting point for this type of communication is the creation of a clear set of company objectives which each function is aware of. These objectives then need to be further broken down into specific objectives for each function. Regular reviews of firstly how each function is performing against its objectives and secondly how the company is performing against its overall objective should ensure that the whole company is pulling in the same direction.
Now start What is Functions of Organization; The Following Six Types Organization Functions
A. Determination of activities: It includes deciding and division of various activities required to achieve the objectives of an organization. The entire work is divided into various parts and again each part is sub-divided into various sub-parts. E.g. the purchase work may be divided into requisition of items, placing an order, storage etc.
B. Grouping of activities: Identical activities are grouped under one individual or one department. The activities of sales such as canvassing, advertisements, and debt collection are grouped under sales department.
C. Allotment of duties to speciﬁed persons: In order to ensure effective performance, the grouped activities are allotted to speciﬁed competent persons, specialized in their ﬁelds. Adequate staff members are appointed by them and are appropriately trained.
D. The delegation of authority: Assignment of duties or allotment of duties to speciﬁed persons is followed by the delegation of authority. While delegating authority, responsibility is also ﬁxed. E.g. the production manager may be delegated with the authority to produce the goods and ﬁxed with the responsibility of producing the quality of goods.
E. Deﬁning relationship: When a group of persons is working together for a common goal, it becomes necessary to deﬁne the relationship between them in clear terms. Each person has to know as to who is his superior, from whom he has to receive orders, and to whom he is answerable. Each superior must know what authority he has and over which persons.
F. Co-ordination of various activities: The delegated authority and responsibility should be coordinated by the chief managerial staff. There must be a separate and responsible person to see whether all the activities are going on to accomplish the objectives of the organization or not.
Notes: Maybe You will read it; The deﬁnitions of all the seven Processes of Scientiﬁc Management; Planning, Organizing, Stafﬁng, Directing, Coordinating, Motivating, Controlling. You will be reading this post about; What are Functions of Organization, do you read it about Organization.