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How to do Corporate Financial Reporting and Analysis

Problems and Countermeasures of Corporate Financial Reporting and Analysis Image

Corporate financial reporting and analysis with problems and countermeasures. It is an important function of corporate financial management. Through the analysis of the corporate financial status and operating results. It can provide a reliable basis for corporate financial activity control, operational risk prevention, and financial decision-making.

Here are the articles to explain the problems and Countermeasures of Corporate Financial Reporting and Analysis

This article starts by explaining the problems existing in the financial analysis of enterprises. And puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for doing a good job in financial analysis, hoping to help improve the level of financial analysis of enterprises.

Problems in corporate financial reporting and analysis

Incomplete financial analysis data

When the financial department of the enterprise conducts financial analysis work. It mainly uses financial statements and related accounting materials as the data source of financial analysis. And its analysis conclusion reflects the financial status of the enterprise in the past period. Since an enterprise will affect by many factors in the process of business development, including policy environment, supply and demand, industry changes, inflation, etc., relying only on the data in the internal data of the enterprise for financial analysis will inevitably lead to too one-sided financial analysis conclusions.

In actual financial work, the financial department often only pays attention to the data collection related to financial accounting. While ignoring the information collection of major personnel changes, staffing, strategic goals, etc. Within the enterprise, which reduces the usefulness and comprehensiveness of financial analysis.

Financial analysis indicators are not comprehensive

In the financial analysis of enterprises, only a few key financial indicators often select for analysis. Such as financial indicators in terms of assets, liabilities, production, sales, revenue, profits, etc. It explains the changes in the situation over some time and reveals the cause of the problem from a financial point of view. But ignores the impact of the non-financial factors of the enterprise on the financial status of the enterprise.

At the same time, most companies lack value chain analysis and do not combine business and finance for comprehensive analysis. However copying the financial analysis index system of other companies makes it difficult for companies to find real problems in business processes in financial analysis.

Single financial analysis method

Most companies tend to choose ratio analysis and comparative analysis in financial analysis to reflect the financial status of the company over some time. But because such analysis methods generally use the relevant data in the financial statements as the source of financial analysis data. The financial statement data reflect the economic events that have occurred in the enterprise. So the financial analysis results can only explain the operating conditions of the enterprise in the past period. But cannot predict the future financial trend of the enterprise.

At the same time, different types of enterprises have different financial characteristics. It is necessary to consider whether the index data is accurate and comparable. If the comparative analysis method uses blindly for financial analysis, the financial analysis results may lack authenticity and consistency.

The quality of financial personnel is not high

In the financial work of enterprises, the quality of financial personnel directly affects the level of financial analysis. However, judging from the current situation, the professional quality of some financial personnel in the enterprise is low. And is difficult to complete the financial analysis work. The specific manifestations are: first, the financial personnel only pay attention to the comparative analysis of financial data. Which makes the financial analysis work remain at a shallow level.

There is no in-depth exploration of the internal relationship between financial data around the business needs of the company. And the financial analysis results are not used to reveal the problems existing in the business management of the company. Little known about operations and business development. Which leads to a disconnect between financial analysis and business management needs. Third, financial personnel only conduct financial analysis based on the data in the financial statements. Without taking into account external factors that affect the company’s financial status.

Countermeasures and suggestions to solve the problems of corporate financial reporting and analysis

Broaden the sources of financial analysis data

The financial department of the enterprise should comprehensively collect financial data. And non-financial data to provide reliable data support for the financial analysis work. To ensure the objectivity and comprehensiveness of the financial analysis conclusions. The source of financial analysis data should include not only the basic data in the financial statements of the enterprise. But also information such as corporate governance structure, internal staffing, and business process adjustment.

In addition, the financial department also needs to conduct in-depth research on changes in the external environment of the enterprise. Collect information and data on fiscal and taxation policies, industry competition, technological changes, etc. And make a more comprehensive evaluation of the financial status of the enterprise based on internal and external information. At the same time, the financial department should shorten the cycle of financial analysis as much as possible. And enhance the timeliness of financial analysis, to provide an important basis for business decision-making in time.

Construct a financial analysis index system

Financial analysis of enterprises should improve the index system to cover both financial indicators and non-financial indicators to ensure the integrity of the financial analysis. At the same time, the financial analysis index system should be constructed according to the characteristics of the enterprise’s business operations. So that the financial analysis work can closely fit the actual situation of the enterprise’s operation and management. Taking small and micro loan companies as an example. It is necessary to focus on the analysis of the company’s asset status, liability status, and operating status.

The operating status analysis is subdivided into main business income, main business costs, other business profits, management expenses, and financial expenses. , investment returns, and other aspects of the analysis. Since the microfinance company’s business is mainly to collect interest on loans, in the financial analysis, the loan scale, loan term, loan method, loan interest rate, as well as the asset size and asset status should be taken as the focus of analysis, and objective analysis and evaluation should be made.

For example

The larger the single loan size of a small loan company, the lower the transaction cost and the higher the benefit. However, at the same time, it will lead to excessive concentration of the company’s funds. If bad debt losses occur, it will affect the company’s sustainable operation. The loan period of microfinance companies is mainly short-term, and the loan methods are guaranteed loans, credit loans, mortgage loans, and pledge loans, and the loan interest rate is much higher than that of banks.

Therefore, in financial analysis, it is not only necessary to analyze the company’s profitability, but also to analyze the company’s capital turnover, combined with the company’s credit reporting system, to make an objective evaluation of the company’s financial status and accurately identify the financial risks the company faces in its operations. . In addition to financial indicators, microfinance companies also need to analyze non-financial indicators, including budget completion, customer satisfaction, loan product, and service quality, business innovation capabilities, market share, etc., to provide a comprehensive basis for company performance assessment and evaluation.

Improve financial analysis methods

Enterprise financial analysis should pay attention to the improvement of analysis methods, and flexibly adopt various analysis methods. Such as horizontal analysis method, vertical analysis method, trend analysis method, ratio analysis method, factor analysis method, or combining multiple financial analysis methods to complement each other. Supplements to improve the accuracy of financial analysis conclusions.

Enterprise financial analysis should adopt quantitative and qualitative, static and dynamic analysis methods, and financial analysis should run through the pre-event, in-process, and post-event of corporate financial activities, and do a good job in pre-event forecast analysis, in-event control analysis, and post-event summary analysis Work. With the continuous acceleration of enterprise financial accounting information construction, enterprises should make reasonable use of financial analysis, financial decision-making services, and other functions in the financial system to quickly collect financial data and improve the efficiency of financial analysis.

Improve the professional quality of financial personnel

Enterprises should pay attention to the construction of high-quality financial work teams. Require financial personnel to have strong professional capabilities, and effectively improve the level of corporate financial reporting and analysis. The specific measures are as follows:

First, strengthen the training of financial personnel. Enterprises should organize financial personnel to participate in professional training on a regular or irregular basis. So that financial personnel can master financial analysis methods, improve financial analysis skills, and ensure that they complete financial analysis work with high quality.

The second is to expand the knowledge of financial personnel. Financial personnel must not only master financial professional knowledge. But also understand multi-disciplinary knowledge, such as economic law, management, etc. So that financial personnel can make decisions on the business management and financial status of the enterprise based on financial analysis data combined with knowledge of various disciplines. more accurate evaluation.

The third is to participate in operation and management. Enterprise managers should allow financial personnel to participate in the operation and management of the enterprise so that the financial personnel can grasp the operation of the enterprise and understand various business processes, to ensure that the financial analysis work meets the needs of the enterprise operation and management, and can provide a reliable basis for enterprise financial decision-making.

Conclusion

Enterprises should pay attention to financial analysis work, enhance the important position of financial analysis in enterprise financial management and operation management, and give full play to the functional role of financial analysis. The financial department of the enterprise should expand the source of financial analysis data, build a comprehensive financial analysis index system, and flexibly adopt a variety of financial analysis methods, to continuously improve the level of corporate financial reporting and analysis work.

Problems and Countermeasures of Corporate Financial Reporting and Analysis Image
Problems and Countermeasures of Corporate Financial Reporting and Analysis; Photo by Renato Marques on Unsplash.
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I love writing about the latest in the learning of university content. I am a serial entrepreneur and I created ilearnlot.com because I wanted my learner and readers to stay ahead in this hectic business world.

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