What are the different types of management approaches or styles? There are several approaches to the fore happening bearing in mind the money for what tilt of view is. We can comprehend how managers put taking place when decisions through the decision-making right of entry. Empirical or suit study entry helps us to know what paperwork is through the experiences of various adroitly-to-attain managers. Even the failure stories unfold sure secrecy and this forms a part of dispensation lessons.

Here are the articles to explain, the 6 best Different Types of Management Approaches or Styles!

Contingency or situational door explains the managerial practices in the matter of a contingency or matter. Socio-obscure system mannerism explains that all organization has a social and an ordinary dimension. It is important to design managerial roles after the unknown and social dimensions in the organization.

Mere technology cannot make organizations live. This entry states that the aspirations of the individual employees and in addition the organization at large need to consider. Systems gate considers that functions of supervision are sub-systems and the organization is a system where all these functions interrelate. This door explains the tally here.

To achieve the aim and objective of a project in an organization, the best way to determine an effective organization is to apply suitable management approaches. This report is to describe and outlines the major trends in management approaches that people are always implementing in their project organization. Six types of management approaches will mention clearly in this report including the classical approach, the human relation approach, the system approach, and the contingency approach.

From the types of management approaches, the analysis shall carry out at the same time to choose and clarify the most effective in promoting a good organizational structure and organizational relationships. Besides, a good leader is also important to leading the team in achieving the organization’s goals. Thus, the attributes to be a good leader will discuss and identified as well.

Top 6 Types of management approaches;

Management plays a crucial role in the making of the organization and therefore effective management requires ensuring every organization is working towards a common objective or goal. Hence, it is essential to produce a good organizational structure and organizational relationship.

  1. Command and control management – This is a management style in which the manager directs and controls the actions of employees.
  2. Participative management – This is a management style in which employees involve in making decisions and involve in the day-to-day operations of the organization.
  3. Learning management systems – This is a type of management system that helps organizations manage and track the progress of employees in their skill development.
  4. Total quality management – This is a management approach that focuses on ensuring that the products and services produced by an organization are of the highest quality.
  5. Integrated management – This is a type of management in which different types of management systems combine to create a more effective management system.

The six different major types of management approaches will discuss in the following.

Classical Approach;

The classical approach mainly concentrates on the workers and organizations based on management practices, which were the outcome of careful observation. The classical approach mainly looks for economic efficiency with the universal principles of operation. In a management sense, the classical approach trie to develop and operate universal principles or models that will apply in all circumstances. This approach is looking for the best way which they believed can expose by the use of a rational method.

Laurie J.Mullins (2005) also mentioned that the classical approach encouraged the scientific view of management and provides some common universal principles applicable to all organizational circumstances. The classical approach can be classified into three management includes scientific management, administrative management, and bureaucratic management.

Scientific management;

According to Taylor (1856-1915), scientific management was a theory of management that analyzed the objective of increasing labor productivity. Taylor also mentioned that management of business, industry, or economy must be according to principles of efficiency from the experiments and operation in methods of work and production. Besides, Taylor also insisted that the manner of change in management could determine by scientific study.

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Taylor believed that management could formulate as an academic discipline and that the best results could come from the partnership between qualified management and a trained. The key concept of scientific management includes time and motion studies, standardization of management, functional foremanship, and differential piece-rate system. Sharon Jones (1997) also stated that scientific management relied on an increased mechanism to subdivide into highly specialized and routine tasks which means the need to select the right people for the right job with their abilities, so the best method of doing a job can achieve and result in an increased production line.

Bureaucracy Management;

Bureaucracy is the name of an organization used by organization design professionals. Furthermore, Bureaucracy has described as a set of characteristics or attributes that deal with or who work with the organizations. In 1930 Max Weber, a German sociologist described the bureaucracy as being a way of organizing government agencies. The characteristics of bureaucracy management are based on that rational authority would be more adaptable to changes. Besides, a system of written rules and standard operating procedures prescribe to provide certainty and facilitate coordination. An impersonal relationship maintains between the managers and employees. Moreover, only competent people hire for jobs based on their competence and technical qualifications.

Human Relation Approach;

The human relation approach emphasizes the structure and formal organization, but the social factors at work and the behavior of workers within an organization need to pay greater attention. This method is much more focused on the workmanships themselves and their satisfactory needs. They will ensure that the environment of their workplace provides complete safety precautions. This approach also worked on the self-confidence of their workforce. Besides, it also means people go to work to gain recognition and appreciation and not just simply for financial gains. Thus, managers should understand the feelings and emotions of the workers and not treat them as machines.

Neo-Human Relation Approach;

According to Laurie J.Mullins (2005), neo-human relations focused on the personal adjustment of individuals; within the structure of the organization and the effects of group relationships and leadership styles. It gave rise to several famous theories, including Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs; which suggests that workers motivate to satisfy basic needs at five levels. Then, it also includes physiological, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization. This approach also includes Theory X and Theory Y. A project should therefore offer incentives to employees to fulfill and progress up the hierarchy. Attention shall take to the organization structure, job satisfaction, communication, motivation, and leadership styles.

System Approach;

The characteristic of a system is the element from which it is built. The term “built-up” would indicate that construction is somehow artificial and that is the meaning shown. A system also to be a whole composed of elements that related to each other. It seeks to understand how they interact with one another; and how they can bring into a proper relationship for the optimum solution to the problem. The systems approach relates the technology to the need, the social to the technological aspects. The interaction has two components which are input and output. Input is used to enter the system from the outside whereas the output is used to leave the system for the environment. To differentiate between the inside and outside of a system; the system itself and its environment shall be distinguished and separated by a boundary.

Contingency Approach;

According to Mullins, L (2005); in the contingency approach there is no one best way of designing an organization and structure management, but should provide insights into that particular situation and circumstances which will affect the management decision. Besides, he stated that this approach has the view of an ‘if-then’ relationship. “If certain situational factors exist, then certain variables in organization structure and systems of management are most appropriate”. The contingency approach is an extension of the systems approach. There is no one optimum state. The most suitable structure and system of management are therefore dependent on the contingencies situation for each organization. The manager needs to try to identify which technique will be the best solution for a problem. An example is the problem of increasing productivity.

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The Most Effectiveness Management Approach;

Effectiveness is concerned with doing the correct things which are emphasis on outputs and the achievements required. Effectiveness management approach will deliver a good organizational structure and relationship through their situation or circumstances. By taking into consideration the reviews and analysis of the different types of management approaches, I found out that the contingency approach is the most effective in promoting a good organizational structure and organizational relationships as compared to another management approach. This is because the contingency approach has no one best design of organization; while it is a form of structure, management, and success of the organization depends upon a range of situational variables.

As we know that sometimes an organization would come out the issue, arguments, and conflicts. To overcome the problem, the contingency approach is the most effective to manage it; because this approach does not seek to suggest the one best way to do the thing or manage; the structure organization but should provide some other situational and influences management decisions. Then, the contingency approach seeks to apply the situations ideas drawn from various circumstances management.

In the classical approach, system approach and human relation approach all these approaches have their own managerial decision through the organization structure and relationship whereas this contingency approach considers of no one approach is universally applicable and that different problems and situations required different management styles. To achieve their goals or objective, the contingency approach can examine the relationship between the internal and external environment circumstances of an organization.

Effectiveness approach 01;

Unlike another management approach, a different approach will have different rules and particular principles of management styles. Some of the best types of management approaches for example classical approach is more focused on formal structure, technical requirements of the organization, and general sets of principles. It is more concentrated on universal principles in their circumstances and to develop the best way for their organization structure and management. While the human relation approach emphasizes the structure and formal organization; the social factors at work and the behavior of workers within an organization need to pay greater attention.

This approach probably concentrated and focused on the workmanships themselves; and, their satisfactory needs, and the rules and principle of management is fixed for their organization. Then, the system approach is differentiated with a view of the organization as separate parts. The systems approach relates the technology to the need, the social to the technological aspects, and the two components are input and output. A comparison between the three management approaches and the contingency approach shows; that the contingency approach is more flexible and the management decision will look at different situations with different management styles; while the three management approaches are more emphasized a particular aspect and lack flexibility.

Effectiveness approach 02;

The size of the organization will also affect the management decision. In a small organization, it will employ an informal organizational structure while a large organization employed a formal organizational structure. By using the contingency approach, the manager can direct control all the things done in a small organization; whereas for a large organization manager required a more complex and indirect chain of command. For the external environment of an organization such as technology and markets; the contingency management approach will produce a good organization under uncertain circumstances.

As we know the contingency approach is flexible organizing and managing so that a manager could build up the most suitable and proper organizational structure and relationship for the technology and market competitive. With the contingency management approach, it will offer an opportunity to integrate perspectives from management and marketing. Managers can evaluate possible options to promote the most suitable and proper organizational structure and relationships that concentrate on marker demand and company attractions. Besides, it is flexible management with the different management styles and structures in an organization.

Attributes To Be a Good Leader;

Leadership can be defined as the ability to influence others to willingly follow instructions. A leader must have a clear vision of where to go and how to achieve and succeed. A leader must also communicate clearly and passionately. A good leader must obtain the discipline to work toward his or her vision inspection as well as his or her vision is toward the action of achieving goals and objectives. There are some of the attributes to be a good leader which will describe further in the following. First, a good leader shall be integrity in all situations and decision-making.

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Integrity is fundamental that keeps everything in the right way and secure. Without integrity, sometimes things will break down critically. Integrity will allow a leader to show or assume important characteristics about how their performance and work are done in any circumstances. As a result, it will facilitate trust which will lead to higher productivity. Second, a good leader must know how to do good judgments. Good judgment means good decision-making. Sometimes a judgment sounds simple but things come to a decision it makes people quite complex and stressed.

Attributes part 01;

As a result, a good leader must make sure the judgment is in the right way and at the right time. Third, a good leader is important in passion because he or she will create positive energy and influence. A leader’s passion will attract followers and act as a catalyst for the formation of highly motivated teams. Sometimes there is always a conflict in an organization so leaders shall assist and show; their high passion although the organization is in a conflict situation. Then, a good leader should have a good vision. A leader needs to define, and inspire a practical, easily understand when vision something different and to adapt to the circumstances change.

Leaders must be able to anticipate and think about the future and how they will guide; and, adapt their business performance when they are faced with uncertainty or unfamiliar circumstances. After that, good leaders shall have good communication with each other. A leader should provide consistent, clear, and optimistic communication to all levels within a company. To be an effective communicator, a leader should have also a good listener. In the end, people who feel that information is shared with them stay in their jobs and are more motivated. Besides, a good leader shall be in touch with their employees.

Attributes part 02;

They should let their employees know and feel that their leader is keeping in touch with them; which will give them a sense of security and calms their emotions. When the emotion is less, sometimes the brain can be thinking new information and ideas and responds better to others. Furthermore, a good leader shall keep their emotions in check. A leader must use their emotions to help the decision making or practice the emotional intelligent skill. It is useful because it will help to recognize their emotions and try not to show them to other people. On the other hand, good decision-making skills are also needed for a good leader. As a leader knows how to make a rational decision in the end they will know how to make decisions to lead others.

To sharpen their decision-making skills, they need to determine the consequences of each possible solution and practice identifying problems. In a conclusion, attributes to being a good leader are very important for any organization or employment. All these aspects play an important role in organization management. If the leader is not capable to handle the situation or problem well, it will affect the whole system in the organization from workers to the management level. To make sure an organization or employment is successful, a good leader is the most important to leading towards achieving the objective and goals.

Conclusion;

After the studies about the types of management approaches, all of the management approaches such as classical, human relation, system, and contingency approaches have their own rules and principles of management. As a result, the contingency approach is the most effective to enhance the organization structure and relationship because it is flexible in managing and organizing as compared to another approach.

The flexibility of the contingency approach enables the organization itself to adapt to the changes that occur in the internal and external environmental circumstances. Besides, to be a good leader he or she should apply essential attributes and provides well performance to act as a good leader. On the other hand, a good leader shall maintain their followers in a good position and be smart to overcome or solve problems in each different situation and also learn about the difference in leadership styles and commitment to each other.

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Different Types of Management Approaches or Styles; Image by Niek Verlaan from Pixabay.
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