How does artificial intelligence work? Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that aims to create intelligent machines. What does Artificial Intelligence (AI) mean? PPT with Components of Robot; It has become an essential part of the technology industry. Article of Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer program or a machine to think and learn. The theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.

Artificial Intelligence: Meaning, Definition, Components with PPT Example.

AI or artificial intelligence refers to software technologies that make a robot or computer act and think like a human. Some software engineers say that it is only artificial intelligence if it performs as well or better than a human. In this context, when we talk about performance, we mean human computational accuracy, speed, and capacity.

Artificial intelligence is a theory and development of computer systems that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Speech recognition, decision-making, visual perception, for example, are features of human intelligence that AI may possess. Translation between languages is another feature.

Meaning and Definition of Artificial Intelligence:

An ideal (perfect) intelligent machine is a flexible agent that perceives its environment and takes actions to maximize its chance of success at some goal or objective. As machines become increasingly capable, mental facilities once thought to require intelligence are removed from the definition.

For example, optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of “artificial intelligence”: it is just a routine technology. At present we use the term AI for successfully understanding

human speech, competing at a high level in strategic game systems, self-driving cars, and interpreting complex data. Some people also consider AI a danger to humanity if it continues to progress at its current pace.

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The following definition of the AI:

First, definition;

“Artificial Intelligence, or AI, is the ability of a computer to act like a human being. It has several applications, including software simulations and robotics.”

Second, definition;

“However, artificial intelligence is most commonly used in video games, where the computer is made to act as another player.”

AI, the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from experience.

One thing we know, John McCarthy came up with the name “Artificial Intelligence” in 1955. Since the development of the digital computer in the 1940s, it has been demonstrated that computers can be programmed to carry out very complex tasks—as, for example, discovering proofs for mathematical theorems or playing chess—with great proficiency. Still, despite continuing advances in computer processing speed and memory capacity, there are as yet no programs that can match human flexibility over wider domains or in tasks requiring much everyday knowledge.

On the other hand, some programs have attained the performance levels of human experts and professionals in performing certain specific tasks, so that AI in this limited sense is found in applications as diverse as medical diagnosis, computer search engines, and voice or handwriting recognition.

Here is the PPT slide explain What is Artificial Intelligence?

What are the Components of the Robot?

Robot: A machine resembling a human being and able to replicate certain human movements and functions automatically. Also, a robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks automatically with speed and precision.

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Some of the important components of Robot are as follows:

  • Manipulator.
  • Controller.
  • Sensors.
  • End-effector, and.
  • Locomotion Device.

Now, explain;

1] Manipulator:

Just like the human arm, the robot consists of what call a manipulator having several joints and links.

2] Controller:

The digital computer (both the hardware and the software) acts as a controller to the robot. Also, the controller functions in a manner analogous to the human brain. With the help of this controller, the robot can carry out the assigned tasks. The controller directs and controls the movement of the Manipulator and the end-effector. In other words, the controller controls the robot.

3] Sensors:

Without the data supplied by the sense organs, the brain would be incapable of intelligence. In other words, the controller (the computer) of the robot cannot do any meaningful task, if the robot is not with a component analogous to the sense organs of the human body.

Thus, the fifth and most important component of the robot is the set of sensors. Sensors are nothing but measuring instruments that measure quantities such as position, velocity, force, torque, proximity, temperature, etc.

4] End-effector:

The base of the manipulator is fixed to the base support and at its other free end, the End-effector attaches. The end-effector expects to perform tasks normally performed by the palm and finger arrangements of the human arm.

5] Locomotion Device:

In the case of Human Beings the power for the movement of the arm, the palm and fingers provide by muscles. For the robot, the power for the movement (locomotion) is provided by the motors. The motors used for providing locomotion in robots are of three types depending on the source of energy: Electric, Hydraulic or Pneumatic.

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What does Artificial Intelligence (AI) mean PPT with Components of Robot
What does Artificial Intelligence (AI) mean? PPT with Components of Robot, #Pixabay.

What is Knowledge? without knowledge, Artificial Intelligence maybe calls Zero.

By Peter Drucker, The truly revolutionary impact of the Information Revolution is not artificial intelligence, information, or the effect of computers and data processing on decision-making, policymaking or strategy. Also, the key to continued growth and leadership in the New Economy is not electronics of computers but the cognitive skills of the “knowledge workers”.

Knowledge may record in the individual brain or stored in the organizational process, products, facilities, systems, and documents. Knowledge is the capacity to act. It is the product of learning, related to human activity, and is more than just a piece of information.

Knowledge assets are the knowledge regarding markets, products, technologies, and organizations, that a business owns or needs to own and which enable its business process to generate profits. What does Employees Stock Option mean? with Motivating Employees.

Reference:
  1. britannica.com/technology/artificial-intelligence
  2. wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence
  3. marketbusinessnews.com/financial-glossary/artificial-intelligence/
  4. yourarticlelibrary.com/robots/robots-5-important-components-of-robots/5692
  5. slideshare.net/EdurekaIN/what-is-artificial-intelligence-artificial-intelligence-tutorial-for-beginners-edureka/13-Copyright_2017_edureka_andor_its

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