Marketing Planning – Market defines the role and responsibilities of marketing executives in such a way as to achieve the goals of the firm. Its Concept, Characteristics, and Importance, with Meaning and Definition of Marketing Planning. A marketing plan may be part of an overall business plan. A solid marketing strategy is the foundation of a well-written marketing plan. While a marketing plan contains a list of actions, without a sound strategic foundation, it is of little use to a business. Mostly, confusion of the question; What is the Difference Between Marketing and Selling? Read and share the given article in Hindi.
Explain Market or Marketing Planning: Concept, Meaning, Definition, Characteristics, and Importance!
Explanation of Market or Marketing Planning and its Concept, Characteristics, and Importance. Its planning involves objectives and plans with a 2-5 year time horizon and is thus further from the day-to-day activity of implementation. Because of their broader nature and longer-term impact, plans are typically developed by a combination of higher-level line managers and staff specialists. If the specialists take over the process, it loses the commitment and expertise of the line managers who are responsible for carrying out the plan.
The planning process is probably more important than the final planning document. Also, Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC), the process ensures that a realistic, sensible, consistent document is produced and leads to important organizational learning and development in its own right.
The concept of Market or Marketing Planning:
A business firm has to make various marketing decisions. These decisions actually emerge from the complex interaction of a large number of persons carrying out diverse responsibilities in the marketing organization. Being part and parcel of the overall management, the marketing executives are deeply involved in the process of planning.
It emphasizes the allocation of marketing resources in the best and most economical way. It gives an intelligent direction for marketing operations. Also, It involves the preparation of policies, programmes, budgets etc., in advance for carrying out the various activities and functions of marketing to attain the marketing goals.
According to the American Marketing Association,
“Marketing planning is the work of setting up objectives for marketing activity and of determining and scheduling the steps necessary to achieve such objectives.”
Also, Planning is the first management function to be performed in the process of management. It governs the survival, growth, and prosperity of any enterprise in a competitive and ever-changing environment.
The connecting link of markets to marketing is the process and the function of marketing management. Also, Marketing management is the blending factor of markets and marketing. Today the consumer is a complicated, emotional, and confused individual. His buying is based on subjectivity and not often backed by objectivity.
The introduction of innumerable brands of toilet soaps, talcum powders is examples. Planning precedes activity in any purposeful endeavor. Also, Business firms naturally undertake a good deal of planning. Business firms have to master the environment and score over their competitors. Thus in the case of a business firm, planning is always strategic in character.
A firm cannot afford to travel randomly, it has to travel with the support of a route map. Every company must look ahead and determine where it wants to go and how to get there. Its future should not be left to chance. To meet this need, companies use two systems a strategic planning system and a marketing planning system.
Strategic planning provides the route map for the firm. Its planning serves as a hedge against risk and uncertainty. Strategic planning is a stream of decisions and actions which lead to effective strategies and which in turn help the firm to achieve its objectives. Also, The strategy is not something that can take out of one’s pocket and pushed into the market all of a sudden.
“No magic formula exists to prepare for the future. The requirements are an excellent insight to understand changing consumer needs, clear planning to focus our efforts on meeting those needs, and flexibility because change is the only constant. Most important, we must always offer consumers-products of quality and value, for this is the one need that will not change.”
Marketing has been described as the railway engine which pulls all the other departmental carriages along. Also, It is the interface between the enterprise and its market.
We had explained that marketing places the consumer at both the beginning and the end of the business process. Any firm practicing marketing in the proper sense has to identify correctly the needs of the consumer, translate the needs into suitable products and services, deliver those products and services to the total satisfaction of the consumer and through the process generate profits for the firm.
Meaning and Definition of Market or Marketing Planning:
It is a comprehensive blueprint that outlines an organization’s overall marketing efforts. Also, It typically results in a marketing strategy that can use to increase sales for the business producing it.
The definition of marketing planning as given by some prominent scholars has been given below:
“Marketing planning is concerned with the identification of resources that are available and their allocation to meet specified objectives.”
Based on the above definitions, marketing planning is the road map of an organization for selecting a target market and then satisfying the consumers. Also, It is a continuous process in which the marketing objectives of an enterprise decide and marketing programs, policies, and procedures determine the performance of different marketing activities like marketing research, sales forecasting, product planning and development, pricing, advertisement, and sales promotion, physical distribution, and after-sale services, etc.
Characteristics of Market or Marketing Planning:
- The success depends to a large extent upon human behavior and response.
- They complicate in nature.
- Marketing decisions have long-term effects on the efficiency, profitability, and market standing of the firm.
- It is a formal and systematic approach towards the planning of all marketing activities-product positioning, price setting, distribution channels, etc.
- Market planning, as a rational activity, requires thinking; imagination, and foresight. Market analysis, market projection, consumer behavior analysis, and marketing-guided conclusions are based on data and measurements drawn from internal and external environments.
- Also, It is a forward-looking and dynamic process designed to promote market-oriented or consumer-oriented business actions.
- Planning is concerned with two things: (i) Avoiding incorrect actions, and (ii) Reducing the frequency of failure to exploit opportunities. Thus, marketing planning has both an optimistic and pessimistic component.
- Marketing planning is done by the marketing department. Various subdivisions and sections under the department give their proposals based on which the overall company marketing plans develop and design.
- Planning is a process of deciding in advance what to do and how to do it. If the marketing planner desires to achieve a target market at some future date and if he needs some time to decide what to do and how to do it, he must make the necessary marketing decisions before taking action.
- Planning is basically a decision-making process. Also, Marketing planning is a program of marketing-based actions regarding the future with the object of minimizing risk and uncertainty and producing a set of interrelated decisions.
What do they mean?
It is the preface to any business enterprise. Also, Planning is deciding at present as to what we are going to do in the future. It involves rot only anticipating the consequences of decisions but also predict the events that are likely to affect the business.
It is to direct the company marketing efforts and resources towards present marketing objectives like growth, survival, minimizing risks, maintain status-quo, profit maximization, service to customers, diversification, and image building and so on.
“Marketing plan” is the instrument to implement the marketing concept; it is one that links the firm and the markets; it is the foundation for all corporate plans and planning.
The marketing plan is the document of the future course of action that spells out how the resources at the command of the firm are to deploy to achieve the marketing goals. Simply stated, It is a written document that specifies in detail the firm’s marketing objectives and how marketing management will use controllable marketing tools such as product design, channels, promotion, and pricing to achieve these objectives.
It is the central instrument for directing and coordinating marketing efforts. It is to do with selling objectives and designing strategies and programs for achieving these objectives of marketing. Also, They are a blueprint for marketing action. It is a written document containing strategies to achieve preset goals.
Importance of Market or Marketing Planning:
It is a systematic and disciplined exercise to formulate marketing strategies. Marketing planning can be related to the organization as a whole or SBU (strategic business units).
Market planning is a forward-looking exercise; which determines the future strategies of an organization with special reference to its product development, market development, channel design, sales promotion, and profitability.
We may now summaries the importance of marketing planning in the following points:
- It helps in avoiding future uncertainties.
- Also, It helps in management by objectives.
- They help in achieving objectives.
- It helps in coordination and communication among the departments.
- It helps in control.
- Also, They help the customers in getting satisfaction.
Minimize future uncertainties:
To minimize future uncertainties, an expert marketing manager makes future marketing strategies and programs based on present trends and conditions of the firm.
By effective market planning and future forecasting, he not only minimizes future uncertainty; but, also successfully fulfills the objectives of the firm.
Clarification of Objectives:
The clear-cut objective of the organization helps in keeping the efforts of the management in proper lines. These are very useful in formulating the managerial functions like organizing, directing and controlling.
Proper marketing planning and decision-making help in determining the objectives of the organization.
The marketing planning helps in coordinating all the managerial activities of the firm. It not only helps in coordinating the work of its own department but also helps in coordinating the managerial activities of all the other departments to achieve the overall objectives and goals of the firm.
Helpful in Controlling Function:
The marketing planning sets the performance standards and these compare with the actual performance of various departments.
If these variances are favorable, efforts make to maintain them; and, if these variances are unfavorable, efforts are made to remove them.
Marketing planning helps in increasing the managerial efficiency of the firm. It is meant to ensure efficient allocation & utilization of resources. They also compare the results with the set standards to ensure the efficiency of the organization.
It directs all the managerial activities of the firm and controls these activities. They develop the feeling of sincerity and a sense of responsibility among the managerial executives by defining the duties, rights, and liabilities of all employees of the firm; which in turn increases the efficiency of the firm.
Under marketing planning, the needs and wants of the customer (or consumer) study properly; and, marketing activities are channelized to provide better customer satisfaction; which in turn maximizes the profit of the firm.
Therefore, by concentrating on customer satisfaction, marketing management increases market share and revenue of the business enterprise.
References: Marketing Planning: Concept, Characteristics – yourarticlelibrary.com/marketing/marketing-planning-importance-benefits-and-characteristics/50832, and Importance – gktoday.in/gk/importance-of-marketing-planning/.