Around the area, this question very common, What are the Principles of Direction in Management? and What are the Principles of Direction? These principles very Helpful for achieving effective direction in management are: 1) principle of harmony of objectives, 2) principle of the scalar chain, 3) principle of unity of command, 4) principle of unity of direction, 5) principle of effective communication, 6) principle of direct supervision, 7) principle of effective leadership and 8) Principle of follow-up! Also learned, The Principles of Effective Directing or Direction.
How to explain Principles for Achieving Effective Direction in Management?
Following are the important principles that help achieve effective direction:
The Principle of the harmony of objectives:
An organization aims at achieving the predetermined objectives with the help of people. With different techniques of direction, management should try to integrate the organizational and individual objectives. Also, the interest of the group must always prevail over individual interests. A manager must try to reconcile the personal interest of the subordinates with the common interest. Harmony of objectives makes the task of direction easy.
The Principle of scalar chain:
The Principle of unity of command:
The Principle of Unity of direction:
The Principle of effective communication:
The Principle of direct supervision:
The function of direction becomes more effective if the supervisor maintains direct and personal contact with his subordinates. As well as, Direct supervision infuses a sense of participation among the subordinates and encourages them to give their best to attain the organizational goals. It also boosts the morale of the employees, increases their loyalty, and provides the superior with immediate feedback about their performance.
The Principle of effective leadership:
The principle of follow-up:
Principles of Direction:
Direction function deals with people. Also, Understanding the behavior of people is a complex phenomenon; and, directing them to contribute to organizational goals with a common vision is, thus, a complex task.
However, the following top 11 principles help managers perform the complex function of direction:
Appropriate selection of employees:
Since direction influences the behavior of others, managers follow the principle of participation (while preparing the directives). If those who carry out the directions participate in making policies regarded directions (motivational plans, leadership styles, communication pattern); the direction function will be able to accomplish its purpose effectively.
Counseling and guidance:
Unity of command:
The basic principle that makes direction effective is one boss for one subordinate i.e., all directions, orders and instructions should come from one boss. If a subordinate receives instructions from more than one superior, he may not be able to carry out the instructions of any of them. This will create confusion and conflicts to the dissatisfaction of both, the superiors and subordinates.
Unity of direction:
Synthesis of conflicting objectives:
Every group of people, whether owners, managers, or workers have a personal interest as supreme while carrying out the organizational activities. This can lead to conflicting interests which may hamper organizational growth. Effective directions, motivation, guidance, and counseling make people understand that their goals are subordinate to organizational goals.
This enables different groups of people to move in the same direction. The conflicting objectives are, thus, synthesized into a single plan, one objective, one direction, and one goal, that is, to maximize the organizational goals. If subordinates view organizational interest as supreme, the organization also takes care to look after the interest of subordinates.
Direct supervision of employees helps them know deviations in their performance and ways to remove them. This also maintains direct contact between superiors and subordinates and increases interest in their work and confidence and loyalty in their supervisors.
Direction aims at getting maximum contribution from employees by exploiting their talent to the best. If employees have the potential to contribute more than their present performance, direction helps in enhancing the contribution towards organizational objectives.
Use of informal organization:
Though directions are issued in a formal organization structure, managers should make use of informal organization also to speed up the process of direction. Information travels faster amongst informal groups and directions can be effectively carried out because people can freely interact with each other.
Managers should receive constant feedback on their directions to know whether or not employees are working according to their directions. If employees have problems, they should solve their problems and if the need arises, even revise the directions.