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Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital Meaning and Definition

Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital Meaning and Definition Image

Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital, its example, importance, Meaning, and Definition; It is a formula in management accounting that measures how effectively a company’s managers manage their working capital. CCC measures the length of time between purchasing inventory from a company and receiving cash from its account. CCC uses management to see how long a company’s cash has been tied to its business.

Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital, it’s Meaning and Definition, also their formula examples, importance.

What is Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC)? The Cash Conversion Cycle, also known as the Net Operating Cycle or Working Capital Cycle, shows the time span between a company’s payment of raw materials, storage, storage, and receipt of cash from the final sale of finished goods. Simply put, the cash conversion cycle is a measure of operational efficiency and describes the time it takes a company to hide its investment in inventory and other inflows in cash flow. This determines by adding the number of days required for each phase of the cycle.

To understand it better, let’s take an example. Suppose a company holds raw materials for an average of 60 days, receives a loan from a material supplier for an average of 15 days, the production process takes an average of 15 days, finished products keep in process for 30 days, and a debtor grants an average loan of 30. day. So, the total time it takes the company to generate cash from its operations is 120 days; 60 – 15 + 15 + 30 + 30 days. That represents by the working capital cycle.

In equation form, the cash conversion process can express as follows:

Cash conversion cycle = R + W + F + D – C, where;

  • R as = storage time of raw materials
  • W as = retention period in progress (Work-in-progress)
  • F as = storage time of finished product (Finished goods)
  • D as = recovery phase (debtor)
  • C as = credit term of the supplier (creditor or vendor)

What is the definition of a cash conversion cycle (CCC)?

Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) is a metric that expresses the time (measured in days) it takes a company to convert its investment in inventory and other resources into cash flow from sales. Also known as the net operating cycle or simply the cash cycle, the CCC seeks to measure how long each incoming net dollar tie-up in the production and sales process before being converted into cash.

This metric takes into account how long it took a company to sell its inventory, how long it took to collect its receivables, and how long it took to pay its bills. CCC is one of several quantitative metrics that helps assess the effectiveness of a company’s operations and management. A downward trend or constant CCC value over some period of time is a good sign, while an increasing value should lead to further investigation and analysis based on other factors. It should note that the CCC only applies to certain sectors that depend on inventory management and related activities.

How does the Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) work?

If a company, or its management, takes a long time to collect unpaid accounts, has too much inventory available, or pays its fees too quickly, then the CCC will extend. A longer CCC means it will take longer to make money, which can mean bankruptcy for small businesses. If a company collects unpaid payments quickly, estimates inventory requirements correctly, or pays its bills slowly, it lowers CCC. A shorter CCC means a healthier company.

The additional money can then use to make additional purchases or pay off outstanding debts. When a manager has to pay his suppliers quickly, it calls liquidity, which is bad for the company. When a manager is not able to collect payments fast enough; this knows as liquidity delay, which is also bad for the company.

What is the relationship between the money or cash conversion cycle and working capital?

The company implements various procedures to give operational legitimacy to its tactics and strategies. These practices also play a key role in maintaining or improving a company’s financial and competitive prospects; particularly in valuing working capital, curbing waste, and overseeing the company’s money conversion cycle.

Cash conversion cycle;

A company’s cash conversion cycle consists of the operational path that transactions take to make money for the company. It begins with the review and verification of prospects, assessment of the client’s assets and creditworthiness, and approval of credit for a particular business or range of businesses. After a company ships goods to users, the accounting manager records the underlying claims; also known as customer claims or accounts receivable. The cash conversion cycle of a business also goes through the receipt of customer funds; as well as collection and recovery efforts – when it comes to the customer default, bankruptcy, or insolvency.

Working capital;

Working capital corresponds to the company’s current assets minus current liabilities. In financial terminology, “short term” refers to a period of 12 months or less. For example, short-term debt matures in 365 days, and cash – a short-term asset – is used in the company’s business over the next 52 weeks. Working capital is a liquidity indicator that gives an idea of ​​how much money a company will have over the next 12 months. When people in finance talk about short-term assets and debt, they are talking about short-term resources and debt.

Connection or Relationship;

Although the concepts are different, working capital and cash conversion cycles interact within the operating engine of a company. Businesses need cash to build strategic trading alliances, make money; and, offer items that will enhance their competitive status over time. Cash is a constant element of running a business, but is often more important in the short term because the business must pay its bills and generate income to survive into the future – say, one year, two, five, or ten years.

Importance of Significance;

In a corporate context, discussions about working capital help senior management sow the seeds of economic success by engaging in effective activities every day to put the business on a solid operational footing. For executives, talking about the money conversion cycle is a money saver, an initiative that will help them avoid waste; avoid significant operational losses, and replenish the company’s coffers; all of which will keep the company out of financial trouble and straying from Niagara Falls finances.

Interpretation of the cash conversion cycle;

The cash conversion cycle formula is designed to assess how efficiently a company manages its working capital. As with other cash flow calculations, the shorter the cash conversion cycle; the better it is for the company to sell inventory and get cashback from those sales while paying suppliers.

The cash conversion cycle should compare with companies in the same industry and should follow trends. For example, measuring the transformation cycle of a company in its cycle in previous years can help assess whether its working capital management is deteriorating or improving. Additionally, comparing a company’s cycles to those of its competitors can help determine whether a company’s money conversion cycle is “normal” compared to competitors in the industry.


The meaning that can derive from the company’s money conversion cycle is as follows:

  • If a company’s management takes longer to collect its accounts receivable balance, has too much cash, or pays its fees and obligations too quickly; it will prolong the net operating cycle.
  • A longer money conversion cycle usually means it will take longer for the company to make money. This can lead to liquidity problems and bankruptcy for small businesses.
  • When company management collects outstanding payments from accounts receivable quickly, correctly estimates required inventory levels, or pays bills and invoices slowly; it shortens the net operating cycle.
  • A shorter cash conversion cycle usually means a healthier company. This way, the extra money can then use for further purchases or to pay off any outstanding debts.
  • When a manager with a longer money conversion cycle has to pay their supplier quickly; it’s called cashing out, which is bad for the company.
  • When a manager with a longer money conversion cycle cannot collect payments from debtors fast enough; this knows as liquidity delay, which is also bad for the company.
  • If the company’s business model results in a negative money conversion cycle; it means it can manage its working capital efficiently enough that it can, on average, buy stock, sell finished products, and collect the debt before commitments make. is because. This is an ideal situation for business.
Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital Meaning and Definition Image
Cash Conversion Cycle Working Capital Meaning and Definition; Image by Mohamed Hassan from Pixabay.
Nageshwar Das

Nageshwar Das

Nageshwar Das, BBA graduation with Finance and Marketing specialization, and CEO, Web Developer, & Admin in

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