Features and Characteristics of Organizational Climate: Organization climate is a relatively enduring quality of the internal environment that is experienced by its members, influences their behavior, and can be described in terms of the values of a particular set of characteristics of the organization. It is the manifestation of the attitudes of the organizational member towards the organization itself.
Explain are Factors Influencing with Characteristics of Organizational Climate!
The nature of organizational climate will be clear from the following characteristics:
Organizational climate is a general expression of what the organization is. It is the summary perception which people have about the organization. It conveys the impressions people have of the organizational internal environment within which they work.
Abstract and Intangible Concept:
Organizational climate is a qualitative concept. It is very difficult to explain the components of organizational climate in quantitative or measurable units.
Unique and District Identity:
Organizational climate gives a distinct identity to the organization. It explains how one organization is different from other organizations.
Organizational climate built up over a period of time. It represents a relatively enduring quality of the internal environment that is experienced by the organizational members.
Organizational climate is a multidimensional concept. The various dimensions of the organizational climate are individual autonomy, authority structure, leadership style, the pattern of communication, a degree of conflicts and cooperation, etc.
Factors Influencing Organizational Climate.
Organizational climate is a manifestation of the attitudes of organizational members towards the organization. Researchers have used the data relating to individual perception of organizational properties in identifying organizational climate. Even in this context, there is a great amount of diversity. Also learn, Definition of Organizational Climate.
Litwin and Stringer have included six factors which affect organizational climate. These factors are:
- Organizational Structure: Perceptions of the extent of organizational constraints, rules, regulations, red tape,
- Individual Responsibility: Feeling of autonomy of being one’s own boss,
- Rewards: Feelings related to being confident of adequate and appropriate rewards,
- Risk and Risk Taking: Perceptions of the degree of challenge and risk in the work situation,
- Warmth and Support: Feeling of general good fellowship and helpfulness prevailing in the work setting.
- Tolerance and Conflict: Degree of confidence that the climate can tolerate, differing opinions.
Schneider AND Barlett give a broader and systematic study of climate dimensions. Also Read it, Dimensions of Organizational Climate.