Learn and Study, Explain Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Analysis!
Basically anywhere asking this types of question, What is the Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Analysis? First looking What is Job Analysis?, then Objectives or Purpose of Job Analysis, after that looking study, and Explaining, the Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Analysis! Job analysis is crucial in all human activities but like all human inventions, it also suffers from various limitations. Introduction to Job analysis consists of job responsibilities, information, expertise, capabilities and personal traits and all this lead to success, for the workers. The basic reason for which the organizations require job analysis is to ensure proper selection measures for choosing the suitable applicants. Also learn, Meaning and Definition, Explain Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Analysis!
A logical selection modus operandi is always necessary to make reasonable and trust-worthy job selections. A genuine selection procedure requires job analysis since it identifies the fundamental requirements for that specific job. The purpose of Job Analysis is to establish and document the ‘job relatedness‘ of employment procedures such as compensation, training, performance appraisal, and selection.
What is Job Analysis?
Job analysis helps to recognize and verify the requirements of a job and delineate the duties and obligations of the job. In job, evaluations done on the information collected about the job, the significance should always be given on the job and never on the worker or the individual. The basic notion of job analysis is that the evaluations and judgments are done depending on the job and not on the person.
It is done through cross-examinations and surveys according to the necessities of the occupation and the analysis provides a specific explanation and requirements of the job.
Objectives of Job Analysis:
The aims of Job analysis is to always ascertain and record the job-related information of the employment measures like training, selection, payment and performance assessment. Job Analysis is used for classifying both training and requirement evaluations which consist of the training matter, evaluation exams to understand the usefulness of training, devices used for training and also the techniques of training. Also Learned or More info in here, Purpose of Job Analysis!
#Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Analysis!
Though job analysis plays a vital role in all other human-related activities every process that has human interventions also suffers from some limitations. The process of job analysis also has its own constraints. So, let us discuss the advantages and disadvantages of job analysis process at length.
#Advantages of Job Analysis:
Provides First Hand Job-Related Information: The job analysis process provides with valuable job-related data that helps managers and job analyst the duties and responsibilities of a particular job, risks and hazards involved in it, skills and abilities required to perform the job and other related info.
Helps in Creating Right Job-Employee Fit: This is one of the most crucial management activities. Filling the right person in a right job vacancy is a test of skills, understanding, and competencies of HR managers. Job Analysis helps them understand what type of employee will be suitable to deliver a specific job successfully.
Helps in Establishing Effective Hiring Practices: Who is to be filled where and when? Who to target and how for a specific job opening? Job analysis process gives answers to all these questions and helps managers in creating, establishing and maintaining effective hiring practices.
Guides through Performance Evaluation and Appraisal Processes: Job Analysis helps managers evaluating the performance of employees by comparing the standard or desired output with delivered or actual output. On these bases, they appraise their performances. The process helps in deciding whom to promote and when. It also guides managers in understanding the skill gaps so that right person can be fit at that particular place in order to get desired output.
Helps in Analyzing Training & Development Needs: The process of job analysis gives the answer to following questions:
- Who to impart training?
- When to impart training?
- What should be the content of training?
- What should be the type of training: behavioral or technical?
- Who will conduct training?
Helps in Deciding Compensation Package for a Specific Job: A genuine and unbiased process of job analysis helps managers in determining the appropriate compensation package and benefits and allowances for a particular job. This is done on the basis of responsibilities and hazards involved in a job.
#Disadvantages of Job Analysis:
Time Consuming: The biggest disadvantage of Job Analysis process is that it is very time-consuming. It is a major limitation especially when jobs change frequently.
Involves Personal Biasness: If the observer or job analyst is an employee of the same organization, the process may involve his or her personal likes and dislikes. This is a major hindrance to collecting genuine and accurate data.
Source of Data is Extremely Small: Because of small sample size, the source of collecting data is extremely small. Therefore, information collected from few individuals needs to be standardized.
Involves Lots of Human Efforts: The process involves lots of human efforts. As every job carries different information and there is no set pattern, customized information is to be collected for different jobs. The process needs to be conducted separately for collecting and recording job-related data.
Job Analyst May Not Possess Appropriate Skills: If job analyst is not aware of the objective of job analysis process & does not possess appropriate skills to conduct the process, it is a sheer wastage of company’s resources. He or she needs to be trained in order to get authentic data.
Mental Abilities Can not be Directly Observed: Last but not the least, mental abilities such as intellect, emotional characteristics, knowledge, aptitude, psychic and endurance are intangible things that can not be observed or measured directly. People act differently in different situations. Therefore, general standards cannot be set for mental abilities.