Analysis of the difference between film and television performances and theatrical performances. With the development of the times, people have begun to pursue spiritual needs based on meeting basic material needs. At present, our country’s performing arts industry is showing a situation of “blooming flowers”. And both theatrical performances and film and television performances have developed rapidly. Theatrical performances have attracted a large number of enthusiasts of traditional culture. Film and television performances have attracted more young audiences.

Here are the articles to explain, Difference between film, television, and theatrical performances

From the point of view of fundamental attributes. Whether it is a film & television performance or a theatrical performance. Both are expressions of art, and the forms of artistic expression of the two are relatively similar. But as different performing arts, there will inevitably be differences between the two. To better promote the development of performing arts in our country. It is necessary to analyze the difference between the two and avoid the development trend of homogenization.

Characteristics of film, television, and theatrical performances

Whether it is a film and television performance or a theatrical performance. The processes of the two have the same characteristics in the process of shaping characters.

  • First, analyze the background and times of the situation;
  • second, analyze the author’s ideological background and analyze under what conditions he created;
  • third, analyze the development and intention of the script;
  • fourth, briefly introduce each character;
  • fifth, shape the character of different characters;
  • sixth, sort out the performance process;
  • seventh, conduct an in-depth understanding of the complete character image.

The creation process of each character has the same characteristics. This shows that film and television performances and theatrical performances essentially belong to the same system. Every actor must recognize that there is a big difference between film & television performances and theatrical performances.

(1) Characteristics of film and television performances

The basic characteristics of film and television performances determine by the shaping of the characters by each actor in different scenes. Before performing, the actors need to have a general understanding of the development of the plot and the characteristics of the characters performed.

Actors must not only recite the text script in detail, but also study the director’s sub-shots, understand the director’s intentions, prepare for each shot before shooting, adjust their emotions, and avoid bringing personal emotions into the shot. The performance of the actors should be based on the content specified in the script. Each performance environment synthesizes according to the requirements of the script or the filming personnel in the later stage. It must carry out under the restrictions of the script and the restrictions of the camera.

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Before entering the shooting venue, the viewfinder of the camera and the area of the performance are already stipulated. Different scenes will put forward different requirements for the actors. Each actor must grasp the scale of the performance, according to his role positioning, conceive the content of the script, and have a picture in his heart, no matter how the shooting situation changes, he must maintain a good level of performance, so that there is coherence between each shot.

(2) Characteristics of theatrical performances

The artistic characteristics of theatrical performance are determined by the different character images created by each actor on the stage. Theater actors create twice according to each script. After completing the analysis of the script and the preliminary preparations, rehearse and rehearse. Under the guidance of the stage director, repeated rehearsals and rehearsals carry out. And then each different repertoire and scene synthesize and train in the stage theater, and finally, the performance perform.

The theater actor himself can be both the creator of a script and the material and tool for creation. And the performer’s performance process of the character image is a true reflection of the work of art. In the process of theatrical performance, the performance of the actors has the characteristics of coherence. Because the theatrical performance will not limit by the camera, and the actors will more intuitively reveal their true emotions.

This kind of real performance form also makes it easier for the audience to attract by the stage and brought into the situation. Theatrical performances have higher requirements for actors. Actors need to test by the audience. The audience’s reaction will directly affect the actors’ emotions and even interfere with theatrical performances.

The connection between film, television, and theatrical performances

From the essence of performance studies, whether it is film and television performance or theatrical performance, the shaping and expression of character images by both are the creation of distinctive character images through artistic expression techniques. As an important branch of art, performance has gradually become an important way for human beings to express their feelings and an important way of artistic expression with the emergence and continuous development of human consciousness. The art of theatrical performance has a long history.

For example, Thespis was the earliest actor recorded in ancient Greek history. There were also many well-documented performing artists in ancient China. From theatrical art to theatrical performance, to the birth and development of film art and film and television works in the past hundred years, stage performance has become an important carrier of performing arts, constantly promoting the development of art, so that film and television performances and theatrical performances continue to develop and progress. As a rising star, film & television have many links with theatrical performances, which are the inheritance and promotion of theatrical works.

The shadow of the artistic expression form of film & television performance can stand found in theatrical performances. In the process of maintaining the characteristics of performing art forms, with the progress and development of modern science and technology and the digital application of camera technology, the scenes of film and television works are no longer limited by traditional specific scenes, and film and television performances have also begun to innovate their forms of artistic expression. Judging from the development of video performance and theatrical performance. There are many similar performing art forms between the two. But they are also very different in many ways, and each has different characteristics.

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The difference between film, television, and theatrical performances

(1) The essence of performing arts, the difference between the two

Art itself has the characteristics of exaggerated expression. We often say that art comes from life, but art is also higher than life. Theatrical performances have many different forms of expression, and they are more exaggerated representations of the image of life. In the process of discussing the art of stage performance, the dramatist David Velasco mentioned that stage performance is an excellent form of artistic expression, which is unnatural for the creation of the stage environment.

Both the language structure and the language characteristics are very different from people’s usual communication. There are many differences. In most cases, the theatrical stage needs to pave and arrange the background, and shape the performance environment according to different screens, and the other side also needs to show to the audience and accept the audience’s suggestions.

Therefore, for theater performers, this puts forward high requirements for their voices, not only to meet the effect of sound transmission in relatively large theaters but also to meet the audiovisual feelings of each audience. It can see that every performer on the stage needs to make some appropriate exaggerated expressions. And his voice needs to be louder. It is not only necessary for the audience in the distance to feel the changes in the actors’ voices. But also to feel the changes in the actors’ facial expressions.

On the other hand

In film and television performances, actors face different cameras, and the performance environment is closer to the real living environment. Some film and television works will also fictionalize part of the environment through special effects. But the overall performance environment is relatively real, which is a reflection of objective life. At the same time, the lens of the camera uses to capture the changes in the expressions of each performer, breaking the limitations of traditional stage art. It can capture different scenes such as panoramic views, close-ups, and close-ups.

Any perspective can synthesize to show the character image from subtle changes in facial expressions and extended changes. Which more truly reflects the true emotions that a film and television performer wants to express. Therefore, for film and television actors, subtle changes in expression are more demanding, and even a subtle movement will affect the shooting effect. Therefore, the filming of film and television performances will require subtle changes in emotions, and performers require to express their truest feelings in their hearts so that the performance can be closer to life.

(2) The differences in the visual order of performing arts

Judging from the presentation of the visual sequence of performing arts, theatrical performances are more orderly performances around a single plot. They are all performances that are inherited and completed in one go, focusing on the development of different characters and events. In the process of theatrical performance, the advancement of actors and plots should be unified, which is the actual embodiment of life.

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The performance program thus formed, on the one hand, theatrical actors must truly exist in the plot. But also experience the emotions of the characters in the plot, with the help of some auxiliary means. So that the actors can enter the role faster and grasp the characteristics of the characters. Film and television performances need to break the scene restrictions of theatrical performances. Especially with the support of the modern film and television editing and editing technology. The plot development of film and television works can break the restrictions of the script and realize the convergence of different plots.

The clips of some film and television works are reversed in the performance order. Which requires film and television actors to flexibly experience and respond flexibly according to different scenes of their own lives. The development of some plots will take a long time. Depending on the scene, film and television actors must interpret the role. Through the shaping of the character image and a good grasp of emotions. This requires higher performance skills for actors and requires actors to continuously improve their acting skills.

(3) Distinguish from the “feedback” of the performance

What we call the “feedback” of the performance includes two aspects. The first is the interactive feedback with other actors during the performance. And the second is the feedback from the audience after the work is presented to the audience. Since the content covered by performing arts is multifaceted, artistic expressions need to grow in feedback. This requires theater actors to interact with the actors on the same stage based on self-role behavior adjustment and to adapt to the changes of the actors on the same stage.

Theater actors will also receive the attention of the audience during the performance, especially in scenes that require strong emotions to erupt, and they need to interact with the audience to complete. For example, anger, joy, silence, etc. all need to get feedback from the audience. However, unlike theatrical actors, film and television actors film without feedback during the performance process.

They will interact and communicate with other actors in the plot, but they do not interact with the audience. In film and television performances, the audience will not directly participate. Due to the lack of stimulating effect of audience feedback. All film and television works are based on the actors’ emotional changes to realize the role. Therefore, the performances of film and television actors need to shape their self-image to ensure the integrity and coherence of the filming plot.

Concluding remarks

All in all, whether it is film and television performance or theatrical performance. It is an important way of artistic expression. Only by correctly understanding the difference between the two can we better promote the development of art and make our country’s film, television, and theatrical works more perfect.

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Difference between film, television, and theatrical performances; Photo by Amal George on Unsplash.
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