Explain is, What are 14 Principles of Organization?
Meaning of Organization: “An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment”. A group of people, the structures in a specific way to achieve a series of shared goals. Relationships within an organization are determining by its structure and are typically based on role and function. As the external environment can affect, and affected by organizations, they are considering open systems. Also learn, 14 Principles of Management by Henri Fayol, 14 Principles of Organization!
Now, here are Fourteen types Principles of Organization!
In the base on school level Principles, you have also read it previous Principles of Organization:
I. The principle of unity of objectives:
Organizational goals, departmental goals, and individual goals must be clearly defined. All goals and objectives must have uniformity. When there is contradiction among different level of goals desired goals can’t achieve. Therefore, the unity of objectives is necessary
II. The principle of specialization:
Sound and the effective organization believes in an organization. The term specialization is related to work and employees. When an employee takes the special type of knowledge and skill in any area, it is known as specialization. The modern business organization needs the specialization, skill, and knowledge of this desired sector of the economy and thus, efficiency would establish.
III. The principle of coordination:
In an organization many types of equipment, tools are using. Coordination can obtain by group effort that emphasizes on a unity of action. Therefore, coordination facilitates several management concepts
IV. The principle of authority:
Authority is the kind of right and power through which it guides and directs the actions of others so that the organizational goals can achieve. It’s also related to decision making. It is vesting in a particular position, not to the person because authority is given by an institution and therefore it is legal. It generally flows from higher level to lowest level of management. There should be an unbroken line of authority.
V. The principle of responsibility:
An Authentic body of an organization is top-level management, top-level management direct the subordinates. Departmental managers and other personnel take the direction from top level management to perform the task. Also, Authority is necessary to perform the work .only authority is not provided to the people but the obligation is also provided. So the obligation to perform the duties and task is known as responsibility. Responsibility can’t delegate. It can’t avoid.
VI. The principle of delegation:
A process of transferring authority and creation of responsibility between superior and subordinates to accomplish a certain task is called delegation of authority. Authority is only delegated, not responsibilities at all levels of management. The authority delegated should equal to the responsibility
VII. The principle of efficiency:
In the enterprise, different resources are using. Therese resources must use in an effective manner. When the organization fulfills the objectives with minimum cost, it is effective. The organization must always concentrate on efficiency.
VIII. The principle of unity of command:
Subordinates should receive orders from the single superior at a time and all subordinates should be accountable to that superior. More superior leads to confusion, delay and so on.
IX. The principle of the span of control:
Unlimited subordinates can’t supervise by the manager, this principle thus helps to determine numerical limit if subordinates to supervised by a manager. This improves efficiency.
X. The principle of balance:
The functional activities their establishment and other performances should balance properly. Authority, centralization, decentralization must balance equally. This is a very challenging job but efficient management must keep it.
XI. The principle of communication:
Communication is the process of transformation of information from one person to another of different levels. It involves the systematic and continuous process of telling, listening and understanding opinions ideas, feelings, information, views etc, in the flow of information. Effective communication is important
XII. The principle of personal ability:
For the sound organization, human resources are important. Employees must be capable. Able employees can perform higher. Mainly training and development programs must encourage to develop the skill in the employees
XIII. The principle of flexibility:
Organizational structure must be flexible considering the environmental dynamism. Sometimes, dramatically change may occur in the organization and in that condition, an organization should be ready to accept the change
XIV. The principle of simplicity:
This principle emphasizes the simplicity of organizational structure, the structure if the organization should be simple with a minimum number of levels, so that its member and understand duties and authorities.
Notes: Here are you have read it 14 Principles of Organization. And, Maybe You will read it; The deﬁnitions of all the seven Processes of Scientiﬁc Management; Planning, Organizing, Stafﬁng, Directing, Coordinating, Motivating, Controlling. you will be reading this post about; What are Functions of Organization, do you read it about Organization.