Occupational therapy is a healthcare profession. It focuses on helping people attain a treaty of their hands on all the things that they long and habit to get in their daily lives. This type of treatment can by now happen if you have agonized sensation, outrage, sickness, or a disability that makes it hard for you to realize your job or schoolwork, care for yourself, do stubborn household chores, impinge on harshly, or take on portion in deeds.
Here are the articles to explain, Discuss the history of occupational therapy and its development.
Occupational therapy (OT) teaches you how to get used to it. It can previously take place if you take steps any user-approachable of the task at scholarly, at progression, or your house. You’ll learn how to use tools (you may listen to them called assistive devices) if you way them. You’ll meet, as well a health professional, called an occupational therapist who can come occurring following ways to every other your movements thus you can profit your scuffle done, recognize care of yourself or your home, do its stuff sports, or stay swift.
A doctor might speak to someone to an occupational therapist if they have acquired a disability, are recovering from a medical matter, such as a stroke, or have had an operation. By helping people carry out their daily deeds, occupational therapy aims to set health and add a going on the atmosphere to cartoons. Occupational therapists play into the fore occurring people produce, recover, and add going on even though maintaining the skills that they compulsion to enliven their lives.
Who Needs Occupational Therapy?
Just approximately anyone who struggles to perform any belief to be not guilty of the task may compulsion it. If you have one of these health problems, examine your doctor if OT could in the to the front you:
- Arthritis and chronic neutral sensitive
- Brain insult
- Joint replacement
- Spinal cord insult
- Low vision
- Alzheimer’s sickness
- Poor adjoin
- Multiple sclerosis
- Cerebral palsy
- Mental health or actions issues
It can afterward auspices occurring children also than birth defects, ADHD, young people arthritis, autism, or aggressive injuries or burns.
What Is an Occupational Therapist?
They profit from special graduate training in occupational therapy. You’ll probably hear them called OTs. They must be licensed and tally a national test to be ascribed to practice. Some OTs go through more training in view that they can focus upon certain types of treatment, behindhand therapy, treating people bearing in mind low vision, or functioning when children or older adults.
Occupational therapy assistants facilitate once some parts of your treatment. They don’t assess you or make your therapy try. An OT partner needs an associate’s degree. OTs and OTAs often perform considering your doctor, conscious thing therapist, psychologist, or subsidiary health professionals.
Introduce the topic of occupational therapy and its importance in the health and well-being of individuals.
Physiology is the study of how the body parts and living organisms work and the physical and chemical factors responsible for the origin, progression, and development of life. Physiology is a foundation for further studies in health science. Occupational therapy is a health profession that helps patients improve; their nervous system functions including motor, social, personal, academic, and vocational pursuits. Occupational therapy is professionally trained in biological, physical, medical, and behavioral science.
Through physiology, occupational therapists have insight into and can explain the peripheral, the central, and the autonomous nervous system’s functions and structure. By knowing the normal state of the nervous system, occupational therapists can address the dysfunctions and improve their nervous system. Occupational Therapist incorporates the study of the nervous system as it relates to participation in daily life. Therefore, occupational therapists can convert basic physiology concepts to patient care.
Occupational therapy used the knowledge of the nervous system to treat conditions related to the nervous system such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and cerebral palsy. Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated process in which an abnormal response of the immune system produces inflammation in the central nervous system which is the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
Essay Part 01;
The damaged myelin where the protective membrane of nerve fibers is multiple sclerosis in the various central nervous systems. The T and B lymphatic cells and autoantibodies cause myelin damage, neuroinflammation, and neurodegeneration which make multiple sclerosis a part of the group of autoimmune diseases. The damaged myelin forms scar tissue. Since the myelin is damaged, the nerve impulses traveling to and from the brain and spinal cord are distorted and produce many symptoms. An occupational therapist will offer to strengthen and stretch exercises for the upper body to improve coordination.
Normally, people who have multiple sclerosis have spasticity, especially in lower body parts; because the nerve impulse becomes smaller as going through the nerve. If they do not do stretching exercises regularly, their legs can stiffen. Strengthening exercises improve weakened muscles in moving and walking. Parkinson’s is lacking dopamine because some nerve cells in the brain have died. Parkinson’s is a progressive deterioration in the nervous system and movement becomes slower.
The main symptoms of Parkinson’s are tremors, slowness of movement, and rigidity which cause them involuntary shaking in their part of the body, walking slowly, taking longer to do their activities of daily life, stiff muscles, pain, and muscle cramps. Due to the message from the brain to every part of the body may not go through properly, it interrupts their activity of daily life such as bladder and bowel problems, eye problems, falls and dizziness, fatigue, freezing, pain, restless legs syndrome, skin and sweating problem, sleep problems, speech and communication problems and swallowing problem.
Essay Part 02;
People with Parkinson’s can experience mental health such as anxiety, dementia, depression, hallucination and delusion, and memory problems because they worry about living with the condition or because of possible changes in the brain. There is no way to improve the brain condition, so occupational therapists will help in finding easier ways to do their activities of daily life by recommending some equipment and changes their homes safer. The development of a glial scar after central nervous system injuries is prohibit axon regeneration. The major molecules in glial scar are chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans, semaphorins, ephrins, and sulfated glycosaminoglycan.
If the sulfated glycosaminoglycan, chondroitinase, and proteoglycans are lost, this can promote axon regeneration in the central nervous system. Axons that have high regenerative potential have a large number of ribosomes and other protein synthesis machinery in axons. However, the central nervous system does not transport ribosomes which decreases the capability of nerve cells to regenerate. Besides that, axons in the central nervous system need to have the right integrin and surface integrin to interact with matrix glycoprotein to perform regeneration. However, various inhibitory molecules inactivate the Alpha9 integrin and tenascin which allow them to regenerate.
Cerebral palsy is a disorder that which caused by brain damage. This disorder can be occurred before or during a child’s birth or the first 3 to 5 years child. There is no cure for this disease, but treatments include physical and occupational therapy, speech therapy, and drugs to control seizures, relax muscle spasms and alleviate pain to overcome developmental disabilities and learn new ways to adapt to this disability.
Essay Part 03;
Their condition can be improved by doing surgery to correct anatomical abnormalities. To smoother their activity in daily life, equipment like wheelchairs, walkers, and communication aids also help to improve their lives. There are three types of cerebral palsy which are spastic cerebral palsy, athetoid cerebral palsy, and ataxic cerebral palsy. Spastic cerebral palsy can cause stiffness in the muscle which causes them to have walking difficulties. Athetoid cerebral palsy can lead to involuntary and uncontrolled movement. Ataxic cerebral palsy can cause imbalance and depth perception.
For them, they have difficulty in doing activities of daily life such as bathing, dressing, feeding, mobility, grooming, and bowel. For children, occupational therapists normally will focus on playing and learning to achieve the goals settled by multiple disciplinary teams. Occupational therapy can address social, psychological, and environmental factors involved with the children. Furthermore, Occupational therapists address working on the fine motor by grasping and releasing toys, playing puzzles, sorting out shapes and numb numbers to exercising their handhandcle for developing handwriting skills.
Occupational therapy for cerebral palsy can meet their needs by addressing hand-eye coordination to improve play skills; such as hitting a target, batting a ball, bowling, coping from a whiteboard, and others. An occupational therapist helps children with developmental learning delays in the activity of daily life such as bathing, dressing, grooming, feeding, and movement. Normally, these children are more impulsive, and aggressive, have behavior disorders, and have low confidence due to their disorder.
Essay Part 04;
Occupational therapists also have to teach them how to vent their stress and manage their anger. Occupational therapists will recommend they write down their feeling about dairy or participate in physical activity like sports. Due to their weak muscle tone, muscle, and motor skills, occupational therapists have to teach them to use specialized equipment such as wheelchairs, splints, and dressing devices.
Normally, their eating utensils are modified with bigger and heavier handles; than the normal ones in the order, they can feed themselves. Their cups with special handles and plates with higher lips to keep and drink from slipping off. Clients with physical limitations can operate computers with a touch screen and voice recognition to make their work easier. Special computers can help them perform tasks that would normally be impossible for them.
Essay Part 05;
As nerve cells do not have centrioles to perform cell division, once the nerve cells are damaged, it is hard to recover. Dealing with a disease or disorder associated with the nervous system; there is no cure or hundred percent to recover back to normal life. However, occupational therapist will try their best in finding an easier way to perform their activity in daily life. Not only do occupational therapists ask them to do some exercises or play; but occupational therapists also have to go to their homes to have an assessment to modify their home to make their life easier.
Normally, for those who have a disorder or disease, their parents or caregivers may experience some mental health; so occupational therapists have to improve their family members to decrease assistance; other for help with self-care, increase physical mobility, and give consultation to the family member. From the knowledge of the nervous system, occupational therapists know how to treat them to improve; their lives and prevent any accident which can make it worse.