Corporate Restructuring Strategies, Meaning, Definition, Types, and PDF; Business or Corporate restructuring is the process of reorganizing one or more aspects of a company. The process of corporate reorganization can carry out due to various factors; for example, to make the company more competitive, to survive in the current unfavorable economic environment, or to encourage groups to adopt a completely new direction. Here are some examples of why restructuring can happen and what it means for the company.
Here is the article to explain, Corporate Restructuring Strategies, Meaning, Reasons, Types, and PDF
Corporate restructuring has become a buzzword in the economic crisis. Companies experiencing difficult financial scenarios need to fully understand the company restructuring process. Although restructuring is an umbrella term for any change in a company; it is mostly related to financial issues, download the PDF file or read online.
Corporate restructuring is often necessary when the business has grown to the point; the original structure can no longer effectively manage the product and the company’s general interest. For example, a corporate restructuring may require the division of certain departments into subsidiaries to create a more efficient governance model; as well as take advantage of tax breaks that allow the company to channel more revenue into the production process. In this scenario, restructuring is seen as a positive sign of company growth and often welcome by those looking to gain more market share of the company.
However, financial restructuring may occur in response to a decline in sales due to a weak economy or temporary concerns for the wider economy. In this case, the company may need to allocate funds to keep the company running during this difficult time. Costs can reduce by merging departments or departments, reallocating responsibilities and downsizing, or reducing production at different locations in the company. This type of restructuring is about surviving in a tough market, not growing the business to meet growing consumer demand.
The significance or meaning of corporate restructuring;
Companies can restructure through the acquisition of companies by new owners. Acquisitions can take the form of leverage, hostile takeovers, or mergers of any kind that keep the company intact as a subsidiary of the controlling company. When restructuring stems from a hostile takeover, robbers often stop companies, selling real estate and other assets to profit from the takeover. What’s left after this restructuring is probably smaller companies that can be run, though not at the level that was possible before the takeover.
In general, the idea of restructuring is to allow the company to continue working in a certain way. Even if corporate raiders open up the company and leave the shell of its original structure; there’s still hope that what’s left can work well enough for new buyers to buy the downsize business and bring it back to profitability.
What does mean restructuring?
Restructuring is an action take by a company to significantly change the financial and operational aspects of the company, usually when the company is under financial stress. Restructuring is a type of corporate action that involves making material changes in debt, operations, or corporate structure to limit financial damage and improve business.
Often, when a company struggles to pay off its debts, debt restructuring will consolidate the debt and adjust the terms to provide an opportunity to repay bondholders. Communities can also restructure their operations or structures by cutting costs such as salaries or reducing their size by selling assets.
Definition of corporate restructuring;
Business restructuring is a corporate action take to significantly change the structure or operations of the company. This usually happens when a company is facing significant problems and is in financial danger. Oftentimes, restructuring refers to a way of reducing the size of a business and making it small. Company restructuring is very important to eliminate all financial problems and improve company performance.
Management of troubled companies employs legal and financial professionals to assist and advise on negotiations and transactions. Companies can appoint a special new CEO to make controversial and difficult decisions to save or restructure the company. In general, companies may consider debt financing, reducing business operations, and selling company shares to interested investors.
Argumentations or Reasons for corporate restructuring;
Corporate or Company restructuring carries out in the following scenarios:
Management of troubled companies seeks to improve company performance by eliminating subsidiaries or certain business fields that are not following the company’s focus. It appears the division does not strategically align with the company’s long-term vision. In doing so, the company decided to focus on its core strategy and sell those assets to buyers who could use them more efficiently.
Lack of profit;
The division may not be profitable enough to meet the company’s cost of capital and incur economic losses to the company. Poor unit performance can cause a wrong management decision to initiate a split or decrease unit profitability due to increased costs or changing customer requirements.
This concept differs from the principle of M&A synergy; where the combined unit is more expensive than the individual parts combined. Due to reverse synergies, individual parts can be more expensive than combined units. This is a common cause of declining wealth. The company may decide that greater value can unlock through the business unit by giving it to a third party rather than owning it.
Cash flow requirements;
Selling a business unit can help generate significant cash flow for the company. When a business is struggling to raise funds, selling assets is a quick approach to raising money and reducing debt.
Asset withdrawal Method or Methods to Divest Assets;
There are several ways a company can reduce its size. The following are the methods companies use to separate their business from their operations:
Divestitures or Back off;
When selling, the company sells, liquidates, or separates a subsidiary or division. Usually, the direct sale of a division to an external buyer is the rule in sales. The selling company receives cash compensation and control of the business transfer to the new buyer.
When shares divide, a new and independent company creates by diluting the portion of the shares and selling them to external shareholders. The shares of the new subsidiary will issue in a public offering and the new subsidiary will be a different legal entity with separate operations and administration from the original company.
Twig or Spin-offs;
As part of the spin-off, the company establishes an independent company; that is different from the original company, as does the equity calculation. The main difference is that there is no public offering of shares; but, shares distribute proportionally among the existing shareholders of the company. It will be the same shareholder base as the original company, with completely separate operations and management. Since the shares of the new subsidiary will distribute to its own shareholders; the company will not compensate with money in this transaction.
Split-offs or Separation;
In case of separation, shareholders will receive new shares in the subsidiary company in exchange for their existing shares in the company. The reason is that the shareholders surrender their shares in the company to receive shares in the new subsidiary.
After liquidation, the company will divide and the assets or divisions will sale in pieces. In general, liquidation associate with bankruptcy.
Types of corporate restructuring;
There are usually two distinct forms of corporate restructuring; The reasons for restructuring will determine both the type of restructuring and the company’s reorganization strategy:
- Financial restructuring can occur when the market or legal environment changes and is necessary for the business to survive. . For example, a legal entity may choose to restructure; its debt to take advantage of lower interest rates or to free up money to invest in current opportunities.
- Organizational restructuring is often done for financial reasons but focuses on changing the company’s structure and not on financial arrangements. Corporate restructuring is one of the most common types of organizational restructuring. Two common examples of restructuring are sales taxes and property taxes. The first involves setting up a business asset leasing company that can provide savings on sales and income taxes. In the second tax example, restructuring could change taxation methods or create opportunities for re-evaluation to improve reporting positions. Also, This can lead to transfer pricing.
Corporate or Company restructuring as a Business Strategies;
Corporate restructuring is the process of significantly changing a company’s business strategies, model, management team, or financial structure to meet challenges and add value to shareholders. Restructuring can result in major layoffs or bankruptcy, although restructuring usually aims to minimize employees’ impact wherever possible. The restructuring may include the sale of the company or a merger with another company. Companies use restructuring as a business strategy to ensure their long-term profitability.
Shareholders or creditors can impose restructuring; if they see the company’s current business strategy as inadequate to prevent the loss of their investment. The nature of these threats may vary, but common restructuring catalysts include a loss of market share, a decline in profit margins, or a decrease in the strength of a company’s brand. Other motives for restructuring are the inability to retain talented professionals and large market changes that have a direct impact on the company’s business model.
Basic or Primary restructuring strategy;
Depending on the size of the company and the degree of change; corporate restructuring can take place at various levels, including business, industry, and enterprise. In addition, it can include legal restructuring, financial restructuring, cost restructuring, repositioning, and other forms. Mergers and acquisitions can see as one of the most popular tools for changing a company’s structure as it allows incumbents to quickly acquire new skills and opportunities by merging with other companies or acquiring smaller entities.
At the same time, it should note that this form of restructuring characterizes by a high failure rate due to a different corporate culture; which complicates the realization of the planned synergies. Companies that are successful in mergers and acquisitions tend to choose compatible objectives or maintain the structural integrity of the acquired business; thus acting as a semi-independent R&D department rather than a deeply integrated subsidiary unit. Legal restructuring is another approach in this area that usually use to realize the various tax benefits associated with the S corporate structure and other differences between existing organizations.
Some of these forms differ radically in terms of liability constraints, contract options, and reporting requirements; which makes it advantageous for large companies to break up into smaller corporate forms to avoid the negative effects of the standard approach. This strategy can be supported by financial and operational restructuring instruments as shown in the following figure. They allow business owners to minimize costs, swap debt for equity, or liquidate some underperforming units.
Actions can also be external and include strategic acquisitions and alliances that may affect ownership of assets and liabilities. General Motors’ reorganization in 2009 can see as a significant example of financial, legal, and operational restructuring, including the liquidation of the holding company, the sale of several business units to third parties, and the complex rescue process to prevent the core business from weakening. from weakening.
Strategies of Corporate restructuring;
The best restructuring strategy for a company is based on the reasons for the restructuring; and, the specific circumstances and characteristics of the company. Below are five examples of corporate restructuring strategies for which assessment is critical:
- Mergers and acquisitions; In a merger, a company acquire in another economic entity and take over or combine with another existing company to form a new corporate entity. Although this strategy often uses by companies in financial disasters; it should note that mergers and acquisitions are often not the result of a financial disaster; but rather the potential business synergies that can achieve by combining the two businesses.
- Reverse Merger; Reverse Merger offers private companies the opportunity to list on a stock exchange without an IPO (Initial Public Offering). In a merger, a private company acquires a majority stake in a public company and takes control of the board of directors of a public company.
- Divestiture or Foreclosure; Also known as expropriation, foreclosure is the sale or liquidation of a subsidiary or other asset. Companies may sell assets such as subsidiaries or intellectual property (IP); Closing a business through a commercial sale, usually by auction; split up and start a new business from an existing part of the company, or go public by selling part of the company to public shareholders.
- Joint ventures; In joint ventures, two or more companies establish a new business unit. Each participating company undertakes to contribute certain resources and share the costs, profits; and, control of the new company established by the joint venture.
- Strategic Alliance; Strategic alliances allow two or more companies to work together to achieve business synergies while remaining independent organizations.