First, learn Evolution, after Elements of an Organizational Climate: Classical organization theory dominated management thinking during the first half of the twentieth century. Its organization can trace back to the ideas of Adam Smith who is the wealth of nations showed, as early as 1776, how the division of labor could improve the productivity of pin markers a hundredfold or more. However, it was only in the early 1900s that men like Fredrick, W. Taylor, Henry Fayol and Max Weber developed the full philosophy of the classical theory.
Learn and Understanding, Evolution, Elements of an Organizational Climate!
The classical approach to organization design was based on;
(a) The full decision of labor, (b) Rigid hierarchy, and (c) Standardization of labor to reach its objectives. The idea was to lower costs by using unskilled repetitive labor that could train easily to do a small part of a job.
The said approach did result in a substantial increase in economic productivity. As it turned out, however, these gains often involved considerable human cost. Because of an excessive division of labor and over-dependence on rules, procedure, and hierarchy, the workers became isolated from his fellow workers and felt alienated. The result was higher turnover, absenteeism, and decline in the quality of products.
It took the academicians and practitioners of management some time to recognize the nature and severity of the problem. Roethlisberger and Dickson offered a behavioral interpretation of management based on their findings from the famous Hawthorne studies. They stressed the importance of individual differences, informal group interactions, and participation in decision – making.
The sum total of these and many other such activities creates an internal an environment within each organization, which accounts for its uniqueness and identify members of an organization who work within and continuously influenced by this the internal environment which is also called organizational culture or organizational climate. Each organization deals with its members in a variety of ways in the course of their employment to obtain their co-operation in achieving organizational objectives.
The management of an organization must satisfy various needs of the employees, through activities such as allocation of resources, rewards and punishment, the pattern of communication, mode of decision making, style of leadership, and so on. An organization influences the feelings, attitudes, and behaviors of its members.
The Following Elements of an Organizational Climate are!
The organizational climate is the general set of attitudes that the members of an organization, especially its management, have. These attitudes can affect decision-making and member satisfaction with the organization. Organizational climate concepts apply to businesses, nonprofit organizations, clubs and any other situation where groups of people gather for a common purpose.
Each organizational climate has its own attitude towards diversity, either positive, negative or somewhere between. Ideally, all organizational climates should have a positive attitude toward diversity. Organizations should not discriminate against people based on race, religion or gender.
Centralized or Decentralized
Organizational climates are either centralize and hierarchical or decentralize, Centralize organizations give certain individuals power over others. Decentralize organizational cultures have authority spread out among different members.
As workers become more specialized, they need more autonomy and self-regulation. Since authority figures will not always have the knowledge necessary to manage more sophisticated tasks. However, workers have more responsibilities placed on them in decentralized organizations than in centralized organizations, since they mainly decide which actions they will take, not the superiors.
Formal or Informal
The climate can have a more formal or informal structure. Formalized structures have standardized rules about how workers carry out activities in the organization, While less formalized structures give members the freedom to engage in alternative solutions to problems, with members having more freedom.
The level of social interaction in organizational climate influences. How innovative and cooperative the climate is, according to Chung-Jen Chen and Jing-Wen Huang in the International Journal of Information Management. Some organizational climates are more teamwork-oriented, While other organizational climates have isolated members operating on their own. Teamwork-oriented climates are more supportive.
Integration is the extent of where the subdivisions of the organization work together. Organizations that are highly integrated have more opportunities for the members to work together. Share information, learn from each other, solve problems and identify potential problems that other members miss.
Organizations vary in the extent to which the members feel like they have control over themselves and the organization. Some organizational climates have a high degree of stress, which increases the chances that members will experience burnout and increases the rate at which members leave due to low satisfaction with the organization. Workers experience burnout when they feel exhausted both emotionally and with their work.