Explain Into Ten, Learn, Ten Differences in Formal and Informal Education!
We all think we know about education as being the one imparted in schools around the country. The Ten Content is the study of Ten Differences in Formal and Informal Education, with Ten-Key, Ten-Options, Ten-Differences - 1) What is Formal Education? 2) What is Informal Education? 3) What is the difference between Formal and Informal Education? and 4) The Difference between Formal Education and Informal Education! This system of education, devised by the government and based upon a curriculum is called the formal system of education. However, in most countries, there is also an informal system of education that is totally different from school education and has nothing to do with the strict curriculum and other obligations found in formal education. Also Explain and learn, Ten Differences in Formal and Informal Education!
What is Formal Education?
Formal learning is education normally delivered by trained teachers in a systematic intentional way within a school, higher education or university. It is one of three forms of learning as defined by the OECD, the others being informal learning, which typically takes place naturally as part of some other activity, and non-formal learning, which includes everything else, such as sports instruction provided by non-trained educators without a formal curriculum.
The education that students get from trained teachers in classrooms through a structured curriculum is referred to as the formal system of education. Formal education is carefully thought out and provided by teachers who have a basic level of competency.
This competency is standardized through formal training of teachers, to provide them with a certification that may be different in different countries. Formal education is imparted mainly in modern science, arts, and commerce streams with science stream later getting divided into engineering and medical sciences.
On the other hand, there is also the specialization of management and chartered accountancy that students can take up in higher studies after completing 16 years of formal education.
What is Informal Education?
Informal Education is a general term for education that can occur outside of a structured curriculum. Informal Education encompasses student interests within a curriculum in a regular classroom but is not limited to that setting. It works through conversation and the exploration and enlargement of experience. Sometimes there is a clear objective link to some broader plan, but not always. The goal is to provide learners with the tools he or she needs to eventually reach more complex material.
Informal education refers to a system of education that is not state-operated and sponsored. It does not lead to any certification and is not structured or classroom based.
For example, a father giving lessons to his son to make him proficient in a family owned business is an example of informal education.
Informal education is, therefore, a system or process that imparts skills or knowledge that is not formal or recognized by the state. This education is also not organized or structured as it is informal education. Learnings from incidents, radio, television, films, elders, peers, and parents get classified as informal education.
Informal learning helps little ones to grow and adapt to the ways and traditions of the society, and they learn to adapt to the environment in a much better manner.
What is the difference between Formal and Informal Education?
- Formal education is recognized by the state as well as industry and people tend to get job opportunities on the basis of the level of formal education they have achieved
- Informal education is not recognized by the state but is important in the overall development of the individual. This system of learning is mostly incidental and verbal and not structured like formal education
- The teachers in formal education receive formal training and given responsibility to teach based upon their competency
- Formal education takes place in classrooms while informal education takes place in life
There is a specially designed curriculum in formal education while there is no curriculum and structure in informal education.
The Difference between Formal Education and Informal Education:
|Target Group||Mainly young, Universal, Compulsory, Selective.||Mainly adults, those interested, voluntary and open.|
|Time Scale||Full time and Primary activity.||The Part-time and Secondary activity of participants.|
|Relevance||Separate form life, In the special institution, In sole purpose buildings.||Integrated with life, In the community, In all kinds of settings.|
|Programme||Run by professionals, Excludes large parts of life.||It is participatory, Includes large parts of life.|
|Curriculum||One kind of education for all.||Education to meet learner.|
|Methods||Teacher-centered, Mainly written.||Learner-centered, Much is Oral.|
|Independence||Set by teachers, Competitive.||Set by learners and Controlled by Learners.|
|Relationship||Hierarchical.||Egalitarian believing in Equal Right.|
|Validation||Terminal at each stage, Validated by education Professional.||Continuing validated by learners.|