Delegation and Decentralization: They are closely related concepts. Decentralization is an extension of delegation. It is wider in scope and consequence than delegation. Szilagyi writes, “Centralization and decentralization should not be viewed as two separate concepts, but opposite ends of a single continuum of delegation.” The primary difference between Delegation and Decentralization: Delegation is the process of assigning authority to others. This process of delegating power from higher to lower levels within organizations results in decentralization. Thus delegation can understand as a means of affecting decentralization.
What is the Difference between Delegation and Decentralization in Organization Function?
In an organization, it is not possible for one to solely perform all the tasks and take all the decisions. Due to this, their authority came into existence. Generally, there is some confusion regarding the meanings of both because of the fact the process in respect of both is almost the same.
Some people consider them synonyms but that is wrong. Their difference can understand with the help of an example. Suppose, a general manager allows the manager of the department of production to appoint employees with a pay range of less than dollar 500 in his department, it will call delegation.
On the contrary, if this authority of appointing the employees is given to the managers of all the departments, it will call decentralization. If the departmental manager assigns this authority to a sub-manager of his department, it will be the extension of decentralization. In this reference, it is said that if we delegate the authority, we multiply it by two, if we decentralize it, we multiply it by many.
Meaning of Delegation and Decentralization:
Delegation means the passing of authority by one person who is at a superior position to someone else who is subordinate to him. It is the downward assignment of authority, whereby the manager allocates work among subordinates. On the other hand, Decentralization refers to the dispersal of powers by the top-level management to the other level management. It is the systematic transfer of powers and responsibility, throughout the corporate ladder. It elucidates how the power to take decisions is distributed in the organizational hierarchy.
Table of Difference:
The following difference below are;